Page Banner

United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Research Project: ENHANCING DISEASE RESISTANCE AND OIL QUALITY ATTRIBUTES OF PEANUT

Location: Wheat, Peanut and Other Field Crops Research

Title: Evaluation of the U.S. peanut mini core collection using a molecular marker for resistance to Sclerotinia minor Jagger

Authors
item Chamberlin, Kelly
item Melouk, Hassan
item Payton, Mark - OSU, DEPT OF STATISTICS

Submitted to: Euphytica
Publication Type: Peer Reviewed Journal
Publication Acceptance Date: October 17, 2009
Publication Date: March 1, 2010
Repository URL: http://handle.nal.usda.gov/10113/40848
Citation: Chamberlin, K.D., Melouk, H.A., Payton, M.E. 2010. Evaluation of the U.S. peanut mini core collection using a molecular marker for resistance to Sclerotinia minor Jagger. Euphytica. 172:109-115.

Interpretive Summary: Cultivated peanut is an economically important legume crop throughout the United States and the world. Peanut production is consistently threatened by various diseases and pests. Sclerotinia minor Jagger (S. minor), the causal agent of Sclerotinia blight, is a major threat to peanut production in the Southwestern U.S., Virginia, and North Carolina and can reduce yield by up to 50% in severely infested fields. Although host plant resistance would provide the most effective solution to managing Sclerotinia blight, limited sources of resistance to the disease are available for use in breeding programs. Peanut germplasm collections are available for exploration and identification of new sources of resistance, but traditionally the process is lengthy, requiring years of field testing before those potential sources can be identified. This study uses a molecular marker associated with Sclerotinia blight resistance to speed up the screening process and identify germplasm accessions from the mini-core collection with potential for resistance. Ninety-six accessions from the collection were available and examined using the SSR marker and 39 total accessions from Spanish, Valencia, runner market types were identified as new potential sources of resistance and further evaluation in field tests for Sclerotinia blight resistance.

Technical Abstract: Cultivated peanut, the second most economically important legume crop throughout the United States and the third most important oilseed in the world, is consistently threatened by various diseases and pests. Sclerotinia minor Jagger (S. minor), the causal agent of Sclerotinia blight, is a major threat to peanut production in the Southwestern U.S., Virginia, and North Carolina and can reduce yield by up to 50% in severely infested fields. Although host plant resistance would provide the most effective solution to managing Sclerotinia blight, limited sources of resistance to the disease are available for use in breeding programs. Peanut germplasm collections are available for exploration and identification of new sources of resistance, but traditionally the process is lengthy, requiring years of field testing before those potential sources can be identified. Molecular markers associated with phenotypic traits can speed up the screening of germplasm accessions, but until recently none were available for Sclerotinia blight resistance in peanut. This study objective of this study was to characterize the US peanut mini-core collection with regards to a recently discovered molecular marker associated with Sclerotinia blight resistance. Ninety-six accessions from the collection were available and genotyped using the SSR marker and 39 total accessions from Spanish, Valencia, runner market types were identified as new potential sources of resistance and further evaluation in field tests for Sclerotinia blight resistance.

Last Modified: 9/23/2014
Footer Content Back to Top of Page