Submitted to: Sistemas Agroecologicos y Modelos Biomatematicos
Publication Type: Peer Reviewed Journal
Publication Acceptance Date: August 27, 2008
Publication Date: October 30, 2008
Citation: Portilla, M., Streett, D.A. 2008. Producción masiva automatizada de la broca del café Hypothenemus hampei Ferrari (Coleóptera: Scolytidae) y de sus parasitoides sobre dietas artificiales.. Sistemas Agroecologicos y Modelos Biomatematicos. 1(1)9-24. Interpretive Summary: The economic value of coffee worldwide is about 15 billion dollars per year, and the exotic coffee berry borer is now found threatening production in almost all of the major coffee producing countries worldwide. Three species of natural enemies have been introduced and reared in several countries for CBB control. Typically the host coffee berry borer is used to mass produce these natural enemies and this has proven to be a very laborious process. Our studies have found that coffee berry borer and the natural enemies can be reared continuously on artificial diets. This information demonstrates that it is possible mass produce coffee berry borer natural enemies for the coffee berry borer control.
Technical Abstract: This article reviews the current state of knowledge concerning the mass rearing system of the coffee berry borer, cbb, Hypothenemus hampei (Ferrari) (Coleoptera: Scolytidae), and its African parasitoids: the ectoparasitoids Cephalonomia stephanoderis (Betrem) and Prorops nasuta ((Waterston) (Hymenoptera: Bethilidae) and the endoparasitoid Phymastichus coffea (La Salle) (Hymenoptera: Eulophydae). The approach of these studies has resulted in more comprehensive understanding of the cbb nutrition, which in turn has facilitated the continuous artificial culture of its parasitoids. Biological aspects, reproductive rates, and a detailed description of the mass rearing techniques of each species are presented.