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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Research Project: EPIDEMIOLOGY AND MANAGEMENT OF XYLELLA FASTIDIOSA (XF) AND OTHER EXOTIC AND INVASIVE DISEASES AND INSECT PESTS Title: Comparative phylogenomics and multi-gene cluster analyses of the CitrusHuanglongbing (HLB)-associated bacterium Candidatus Liberibacter

Authors
item Doddapaneni, Harshavardhan - UC DAVIS
item Liao,, Huihong - CHINA
item Lin, Hong
item Bai,, Xianjin - CHINA
item Zhao,, Xiaolong - CHINA
item Civerolo, Edwin
item Irey,, Michael - USSC
item Coletta-Filho,, Helvecio - BRAZIL
item Pietersen,, Gerhard - SOUTH AFRICA

Submitted to: BMC Research Notes
Publication Type: Peer Reviewed Journal
Publication Acceptance Date: August 21, 2008
Publication Date: August 28, 2008
Repository URL: http://www.biomedcentral.com/1756-0500/1/72
Citation: Doddapaneni, H., Liao,, H., Lin, H., Bai,, X., Zhao,, X., Civerolo, E.L., Irey,, M., Coletta-Filho,, H., Pietersen,, G. 2008. Comparative phylogenomics and multi-gene cluster analyses of the CitrusHuanglongbing (HLB)-associated bacterium Candidatus Liberibacter. BMC Research Notes, 1:72.

Interpretive Summary: Huanglongbing (HLB, previously known as citrus greening), is associated with Candidatus Liberibacter species and is a serious threat to citrus production world-wide. The bacterium is unculturable and phloem-limited, with limited known genomic information. Here, we report cloning and characterization of an additional 14.7 Kbp of new sequences from three different genomic regions of Candidatus Liberibacter asiaticus (Las). In addition, analysis of available Ca. Liberibacter species sequences, including the newly cloned rpoB gene from different Ca. Liberibacter strains, revealed sequence variation. The results confirmed HLB-associated Candidatus Liberibacter as a new clade in the subdivision of the a-proteobacteria.

Technical Abstract: Huanglongbing (HLB, previously known as citrus greening), is associated with Candidatus Liberibacter species and is a serious threat to citrus production world-wide. The pathogen is a Gram negative, unculturable, phloem-limited bacterium with limited known genomic information. Expanding the genetic knowledge may provide better understanding of the presumptive pathogen and possibly aid development of effective strategies for control and management of HLB. Here, we report cloning and characterization of an additional 14.7 Kbp of new genomic sequences from three different genomic regions of Candidatus Liberibacter asiaticus (Las). Analysis of available Ca. Liberibacter species sequences, including the newly cloned 1.5 Kb of rpoB gene, identified INDELs and SNPs. Phylogenetic analysis of deduced protein sequences from the cloned regions characterized Candidatus Liberibacter as a new clade in the subdivision of the a-proteobacteria. Comparative analyses of gene cluster organization of Candidatus Liberibacter with members of the order Rhizobiales suggest overall gene structure and order conservation, albeit with minor variation. Most notably, the presence of pseudogenes suggest that genomes of Candidatus Liberibacter species have undergone gene decay.

Last Modified: 10/25/2014
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