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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Research Project: USING REMOTE SENSING AND GIS FOR DETECTING AND MAPPING INVASIVE WEEDS IN RIPARIAN AND WETLAND ECOSYSTEMS Title: Design and Application of a Normal Difference Vegetation Index Portable Sensing Device

Authors
item Yang, Qing - NW AGR & FOR UNIV,CHINA
item Li, Yongjun - NW AGR & FOR UNIV,CHINA
item Xing, Zhen - NW AGR & FOR UNIV,CHINA
item Yang, Chenghai
item Wang, Zhantao - NW AGR & FOR UNIV,CHINA

Submitted to: ASABE Annual International Meeting
Publication Type: Proceedings
Publication Acceptance Date: June 30, 2009
Publication Date: July 1, 2009
Citation: Yang, Q., Li, Y., Xing, Z., Yang, C., Wang, Z. 2009. Design and application of a normal difference vegetation index portable sensing device. ASABE Annual International Meeting. ASABE Paper No. 03-3582.

Interpretive Summary: High-precision and low-cost electronic diagnostic devices are needed for monitoring crop nitrogen status and variable rate fertilization. One portable sensing device based on spectral measurements of crop leaves to determine chlorophyll content was designed and constructed. Comparison experiments using corn leaves showed that the device provided comparable measurement results with a commercial chlorophyll meter. The lower-cost portable sensing device will provide a useful tool for real-time, non-damage monitoring of crop nitrogen status in precision agriculture.

Technical Abstract: High-precision and low-cost electronic diagnostic devices are needed for monitoring crop nitrogen status and variable rate fertilization. One normalized difference vegetation index portable sensing device was designed in this study based on the peak red wavelength of 650 nm and the peak near-infrared wavelength of 940 nm. A revised normalized difference vegetation index formula was developed based on optical absorption and transmission principles and through extensive experiments, and a prototype of the device with both hardware and software was constructed. Comparison experiments using corn leaves showed that the device provided comparable measurement results with a SPAD-502 chlorophyll meter. The revised normalized difference vegetation index formula proposed in this study will be useful for other applications and the portable sensing device designed will provide a useful tool for real-time, non-damage monitoring of crop nitrogen status and for the implementation of variable rate fertilization in precision agriculture.

Last Modified: 4/20/2014
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