SYSTEMATICS OF MOTHS, LEAFHOPPERS, AND TRUE BUGS OF IMPORTANCE TO AGRICULTURAL, FOREST, AND ORNAMENTAL PLANTS
Title: Transfer of All Cybalomiinae to other Subfamilies (Crambidae: Pyraloidea: Lepidoptera: Elusia Schaus, Dichochroma Forbes, Schacontia Dyar, Cybalomia extorris Warren, and C. lojanalis Dognin
Submitted to: Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington
Publication Type: Peer Reviewed Journal
Publication Acceptance Date: October 29, 2008
Publication Date: April 15, 2009
Citation: Solis, M.A. 2009. Transfer of All Cybalomiinae to other Subfamilies (Crambidae: Pyraloidea: Lepidoptera: Elusia Schaus, Dichochroma Forbes, Schacontia Dyar, Cybalomia extorris Warren, and C. lojanalis Dognin. Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington. 111(2):493-504.
Interpretive Summary: Crambidae, or snout moths, is a large group of moths with over 10,000 species worldwide placed in 17 subfamilies. Many species cause billions of dollars in damage to forests, horticultural plants, and major crops such as corn, sugarcane, tomatoes, rice, cabbage, and peaches. The first step for identification of these destructive species is their placement to subfamily. The morphology of 9 species in four different groups that do not belong in their current subfamily, Cybalomiinae, were studied and compared. All species were transferred to 3 other different subfamilies. The Cybalomiinae no longer has representatives in the Western Hemisphere. This information will be useful to scientists, action agency identifiers, and regulatory personnel at US ports.
The Cybalomiinae contained 4 genera and 9 species in the Western Hemisphere, according to Munroe (1995). These species were morphologically compared with the type species, Cybalomia pentadalis Lederer, of Cybalomiinae. All species were found to belong to other subfamilies and the following new combinations and one revised combination result: Elusia Schaus is returned to Scopariinae; Cybalomia extorris Warren, which is transferred to Aethiophysa Munroe, Dichochroma Forbes, and Schacontia Dyar are transferred to Glaphyriinae; and Cybalomia lojanalis (Dognin) is transferred to Diptychophora Zeller in the Crambinae. The adults and genitalia are figured for the first time.