Submitted to: Genetics, Genomics, and Breeding in Fruit and Vegetable Crops - Berries
Publication Type: Book / Chapter
Publication Acceptance Date: August 22, 2008
Publication Date: May 1, 2011
Citation: Rowland, L.J., Hancock, J.F., Bassil, N.V. 2011. Blueberry. In: Folta, K.M., Kole, C., editors. Genetics, Genomics, and Breeding in Fruit and Vegetable Crops - Berries. Enfield, NH: Science Publishers. p. 1-40. Technical Abstract: Despite the recent domestication of blueberry within the twentieth century, great progress has been made using traditional breeding approaches. With the Genomics era upon us, new approaches and techniques for cultivar development and improvement are now available such as generation of Expressed Sequence Tag or EST libraries, development of markers and microarrays derived from ESTs, marker-assisted selection, and genetic transformation. Genomic research in blueberry has begun only recently; however, significant progress has been made. This book chapter reviews the available literature on blueberry (Vaccinium spp.) genomics. Major headings include (1) Introduction, (2) Basic Information on the Plant with discussions on economic importance, nutritional composition, academic importance, and taxonomy and germplasm resources, (3) Classical Genetics and Traditional Breeding with discussions on classical breeding achievements and limitations of traditional breeding, (4) Diversity Analysis, (5) Association Studies, (6) Molecular Linkage Maps: Strategies, Resources, and Achievements with discussions on evolution of DNA markers and mapping, (7) Molecular Mapping of Simply Inherited and Complex Traits, (8) Molecular Breeding, (9) Structural Genomics, (10) Functional Genomics: Transcriptomics, (11) Role of Bioinformatics as a Tool, and (12) Future Prospects summarizing the previous sections as well as a discussion of what we might expect in the near future from the application of these techniques to blueberry. This chapter should be a very useful resource for scientists looking for an up-to-date review of genomic research in blueberry.