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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Title: Dryland crop root biomass and carbon and nitrogen contents and their relationships with soil water content

Authors
item Sainju, Upendra
item Lenssen, Andrew

Submitted to: Agronomy Society of America, Crop Science Society of America, Soil Science Society of America Meeting
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: April 1, 2008
Publication Date: N/A

Technical Abstract: Crop roots are important C and N inputs for soil C and N sequestration and are essential for water and nutrient uptake. In semiarid regions, root growth, which depends on soil water availability, may influence C and N sequestration. We quantified root biomass and C and N contents of dryland crops in continuous alfalfa (CA), durum-barley hay (D-B), durum-foxtail millet hay (D-M), durum-(Austrian winter pea + barley) hay (D-P/B), and durum-fallow (D-F) sequences and related them with soil water content at 0- to 150-cm depth in eastern Montana. Root biomass decreased with soil depth and 34 to 61% of total root biomass at 0- to 120-cm was located within the surface 15 cm. Root biomass was greater in CA than in other cropping sequences at 0- to 15-cm and greater than in D-F at 0- to 120-cm. Root C concentration was similar for all crops but root N concentration was greater and C/N ratio was lower in alfalfa than in durum following fallow and millet following durum. Root C content was greater in CA than in D-B and D-F. Similarly, root N content was greater in CA than in other cropping sequences. When sampled after crop harvest, root biomass decreased linearly (R2 = 0.77) with soil water content (0-150 cm). Because of greater root growth and C and N contents, CA may be more effective in increasing soil C and N sequestration and water use than D-B and D-F. Durum following millet produced greater root biomass and C and N contents than durum following fallow.

Last Modified: 10/22/2014
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