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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Research Project: INTEGRATED MANAGEMENT OF LAND AND WATER RESOURCES FOR ENVIRONMENTAL AND ECONOMIC SUSTAINABILITY IN THE NORTHEAST U.S.

Location: Pasture Systems & Watershed Management Research

Title: Using Radioactive Fallout Cesium (137Cs) to Distinguish Sediment Sources in an Agricultural Watershed

Authors
item Sripada, Ravi - CANAAN VALLEY INST
item Schmidt, John
item RITCHIE, JERRY

Submitted to: ASA-CSSA-SSSA Annual Meeting Abstracts
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: March 31, 2008
Publication Date: October 5, 2008
Citation: Sripada, R., Schmidt, J.P., Ritchie, J.C. 2008. Using Radioactive Fallout Cesium (137Cs) to Distinguish Sediment Sources in an Agricultural Watershed [abstract]. ASA-CSSA-SSSA Annual Meeting Abstracts. Paper No. 758-2.

Interpretive Summary: An interpretive summary is not required.

Technical Abstract: Radioactive fallout Cesium (Cs-137) has been used for quantifying sources of accumulating sediment in water bodies and to determine the rates and pattern of soil erosion. The objectives of this research are to use Cs-137 as a tracer to determine patterns of soil erosion and deposition of eroding soils and to identify sediment sources and relative contributions at the watershed outlet. The study area is WE-38, a 7.2-sq km subwatershed of east Mahantango creek, a tributary of the Susquehanna River about 40 km north of Harrisburg, PA. Soil samples were collected across transects in different land cover/use patterns across the watershed. Within each transect samples were collected at six locations (two at the top of the hill, two at the toe slope and two in the middle) to a depth of 50 cm at five contiguous depth increments of 10 cm. Additional samples were also collected from the watershed outlet, stream banks, land slides and gullies and reference areas. The samples were measured for Cs-137 concentrations using Gamma-ray analyses Canberra-2000 Genie-2000 Spectroscopy System. Results on quantifying the erosion rates within each transect, land cover class/use, and over the entire watershed will be discussed in detail.

Last Modified: 9/10/2014
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