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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Research Project: EPIDEMIOLOGY AND MANAGEMENT OF XYLELLA FASTIDIOSA (XF) AND OTHER EXOTIC AND INVASIVE DISEASES AND INSECT PESTS

Location: Crop Diseases, Pests and Genetics

Title: Use of GIS maps in assessing the role of alfalfa in the epidemiology of xylellae diseases in California

Authors
item Sisterson, Mark
item Lynn-Patterson, Kris - UC KEARNEY AG CENTER
item Thammiraju,, Shyamala - UC BERKELEY
item Daane,, Kent - UC BERKELEY
item Groves,, Russell - UNIV OF WISCONSIN,MADISON

Submitted to: Meeting Abstract
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: March 21, 2008
Publication Date: April 23, 2008
Citation: Sisterson, M.S., Lynn-Patterson, K., Thammiraju,, S.R., Daane,, K., Groves,, R.L. 2008. Use of GIS maps in assessing the role of alfalfa in the epidemiology of xylellae diseases in California. California Geographic Information Systems (CalGIS) Annual Conference. Available: http://www.calgis.org/

Technical Abstract: Grape and almond are planted throughout much of California. Both crops are susceptible to diseases caused by Xylella fastidiosa. Within California’s Central Valley, the green sharpshooter (Draeculacephala minerva) is a key vector. This insect is often found in large numbers in cultivated alfalfa fields and alfalfa is a known host of X. fastidiosa. We are currently conducting studies to assess the role of alfalfa as a source of vectors and/or X. fastidiosa inoculum. GIS maps have significantly assisted in this analysis. Specifically, we used GIS maps, generated by pesticide use reports in California, to determine which counties in California have the greatest overlap of grape and almond with alfalfa. We found that the degree of overlap of grape and almond with alfalfa was greatest in Kern, Fresno, and Tulare counties. In addition, we are mapping field sites to visualize the spatial relationships between areas of high vector abundance and diseased plants.

Last Modified: 9/20/2014
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