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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Research Project: BIOCONTROL OF FUMONISIN AND OTHER MYCOTOXINS IN CORN AND TALL FESCUE WITH MICROBIAL ENDOPHYTES

Location: Toxicology and Mycotoxin Research

Title: Chemotaxic effects of endophyte-infected tall fescue root extracts against Pratylenchus scribneri

Authors
item Bacetty, Ada
item Snook, Maurice
item Bacon, Charles

Submitted to: Phytopathology
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: June 6, 2008
Publication Date: July 26, 2008
Citation: Bacetty, A.A., Snook, M.E., Bacon, C.W. 2008. Chemotaxic effects of endophyte-infected tall fescue root extracts against Pratylenchus scribneri. Phytopathology. July 26 - 30, 2008. Minneapolis, MN.

Interpretive Summary: Abstract - no summary required.

Technical Abstract: Protection against herbivores and insects in the Neotyphodium-tall fescue grass association is provided by toxic secondary metabolites. Root exudates in this relationship contains both hydrophobic and hydrophilic substances released into the soil that are either stimulatory, inhibitory, or inactive to above and below ground pests. Through previous in vitro nematode bioassay experiments it was revealed that phenolic compounds produced in this fungal-grass association exhibited adverse effects to Pratylenchus scribneri. Current research is presented that has identified several groups of potential allelochemicals from endophyte-infected grasses, plant and fungus produced. The results indicate that there is a behavioral response indicative of a chemosensitivity of the nematode P. scribneri when subjected to a class of phenolic compounds suggesting a means of dissecting plant host response from endophyte induced responses. The behavioral changes of P. scribneri in response to this and other allelochemicals predicts that studies of taxis and kinesis of this and other nematodes species may form the basis for distinguishing and identifying the basic grass response from the fungus induce response.

Last Modified: 8/22/2014