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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Title: Alleviating cotton stickiness-experience and future research topics

Author
item Gamble, Gary

Submitted to: Bremen International Cotton Conference
Publication Type: Proceedings
Publication Acceptance Date: February 27, 2008
Publication Date: April 2, 2008
Citation: Gamble, G.R. 2008. Alleviating cotton stickiness-experience and future research topics. Bremen International Cotton Conference, April 2008, Bremen Germany.

Interpretive Summary: Though cotton stickiness is manifested only in a small percentage of the world cotton crop, its presence can adversely affect every aspect of the cotton textile industry from production to yarn manufacturing. Reductions in production efficiency due to the presence of stickiness at the mill may be very costly to the manufacturer. One of the missions of the USDA-ARS is to find solutions to the problems caused by the presence of stickiness on cotton in order to sustain the marketability of cotton and cotton textiles. Such solutions may be aimed at: 1) optimizing agronomic practices, whereby stickiness may be avoided based upon efficient crop production procedures including insect eradication, 2) developing efficient, accurate and robust methods to identify the source and amount of stickiness present in a cotton bale sot that mill operations will be minimally affected by the presence of sticky cotton, and 3) developing treatment procedures either in the field, at the gin, or in the mill designed to remediate sticky cotton so that it may be efficiently processed without a concomitant loss of fiber or yarn quality. Research performed at the Cotton Quality Research Station is aimed at addressing the latter two solution strategies.

Technical Abstract: Though cotton stickiness is manifested only in a small percentage of the world cotton crop, its presence can adversely affect every aspect of the cotton textile industry from production to yarn manufacturing. Reductions in production efficiency due to the presence of stickiness at the mill may be very costly to the manufacturer. One of the missions of the USDA-ARS is to find solutions to the problems caused by the presence of stickiness on cotton in order to sustain the marketability of cotton and cotton textiles. Such solutions may be aimed at: 1) optimizing agronomic practices, whereby stickiness may be avoided based upon efficient crop production procedures including insect eradication, 2) developing efficient, accurate and robust methods to identify the source and amount of stickiness present in a cotton bale sot that mill operations will be minimally affected by the presence of sticky cotton, and 3) developing treatment procedures either in the field, at the gin, or in the mill designed to remediate sticky cotton so that it may be efficiently processed without a concomitant loss of fiber or yarn quality. Research performed at the Cotton Quality Research Station is aimed at addressing the latter two solution strategies.

Last Modified: 10/21/2014
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