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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Title: Cellulose Derivatives for Water Repellent Properties

Authors
item CHANG, SECHIN
item CONDON, BRIAN
item EDWARDS, JUDSON

Submitted to: American Association of Textile Chemists and Colorists Abstracts
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: July 15, 2007
Publication Date: September 15, 2007
Citation: Chang, S., Condon, B.D., Edwards, J.V. 2007. Cellulose Derivatives for Water Repellent Properties [abstract]. American Association of Textile Chemists and Colorists Abstracts. CDROM.

Technical Abstract: In this poster presentation, we will discuss the synthesis and structural characterizations of nitro-benzyl cellulose (1), amino-benzyl cellulose (2) and pentafluoro –benzyl cellulose (3). All cellulose derivatives are synthesized by etherification process in lithium chloride/N,N-dimethylacetamide homogeneous solution. Nitrobenzylation was effected in 80% yield by treating a mixture of microcrystalline cellulose (20µm), 4-dimethyl aminopyridine (DMAP) and 4-nitobenzyl chloride (4eq.) at 80 ºC for overnight. Nitro-benzyl cellulose (1) was then reduced to amino-benzyl cellulose (2) in 93% yield with indium metal in ethanol and saturated aqueous ammonium chloride. Also, the pentafluoro-benzyl cellulose (3) was obtained by same manner. In addition to the syntheses of the desired products their structural characterizations by FT-IR, CP/MAS 13C NMR, DSC, TGA, and MALDI-TOF methods will be shown.

Last Modified: 9/10/2014
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