Submitted to: Meeting Proceedings
Publication Type: Proceedings
Publication Acceptance Date: January 22, 2008
Publication Date: December 31, 2008
Citation: Skoracka, A., Rector, B.G. 2008. The cereal rust mite, Abacarus hystrix, cannot be used for biological control of quackgrass. Proceedings of the XII International Symposium on Biological Control of Weeds
Interpretive Summary: Quackgrass, Elymus repens, is an invasive, perennial, grass species that is declared noxious in ten states. This study investigated the possibility of using a population of the mite Abacarus hystrix that has been observed to have a relatively limited host range as a biological control agent for quackgrass. Host-specificity testing of this mite population revealed that it will attack wheat and therefore is not suitable for further consideration as a biological control agent.
Quackgrass, Elymus repens, is a perennial grass spreading by vigorous underground rhizomes. Because of its capacity for rapid spread and persistence it is considered as a common weed in many settings worldwide. The cereal rust mite (CRM) Abacarus hystrix is a polyphagous, phytophagous mite attacking quackgrass and many other grasses including wheat. Its feeding causes leaf discoloration and inhibition of seed production. This mite can also transmit plant pathogens. Its role as an agent of quackgrass control was considered since previous work had suggested that populations of this mite colonizing quackgrass may be specifically adapted to that host. The ability to colonize wheat by these quackgrass population should, however, be first excluded. The aim of this study was to estimate whether the CRM quackgrass population can colonize wheat. For this purpose, females mites from quackgrass were transferred, and subsequently reared, on quackgrass (control, n = 132) and wheat (n = 125). Colonization ability was assessed by comparing the mean oviposition rate, mean female survival, and mean number of progeny on each host. Mites had similar success in the colonization of both quackgrass and wheat. The conclusion is that the quackgrass population of CRM is well adapted to wheat and thus cannot be considered as a potential agent against quackgrass.