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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Research Project: IMPROVING SOIL AND NUTRIENT MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS FOR SUSTAINED PRODUCTIVITY AND ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY

Location: Soil Plant Nutrient Research (SPNR)

Title: Soil fungal abundance and diversity: another victim of the invasive plant Centaurea maculosa

Authors
item Broz, Amanda - CO ST U, FT. COLLINS,CO
item MANTER, DANIEL
item Vivanco, Jorge - CO ST U, FT. COLLINS, C

Submitted to: Microbial Ecology International Symposium
Publication Type: Peer Reviewed Journal
Publication Acceptance Date: September 3, 2007
Publication Date: October 11, 2007
Citation: Broz, A., Manter, D.K., Vivanco, J. 2007. Soil fungal abundance and diversity: another victim of the invasive plant Centaurea maculosa. ISME Journal 1:763-765.

Technical Abstract: Interactions between plants and soil microbes are important determinants of both above- and belowground community composition, and ultimately ecosystem function. As exotic plants continue to invade and modify native plant communities, there has been increasing interest in determining the influence of exotic invasives on native soil microbial communities. Here, using highly sensitive molecular techniques, we examine fungal abundance and diversity in the soil surrounding a particularly aggressive invasive plant species in North America, Centaurea maculosa Lam. In mixed stands, we show that this invasive weed can alter the native fungal community composition within its own rhizosphere and that of neighboring native plants. At higher densities, the effect of C. maculosa on native soil fungal communities was even greater. Our results demonstrate that this invasive weed can have significant effects not only on visible aboveground biodiversity but also on the native soil microbial community that extends beyond its rhizosphere.

Last Modified: 8/19/2014
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