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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Research Project: IPM TECHNOLOGIES FOR SUBTROPICAL INSECT PESTS

Location: Subtropical Insects and Horticulture Research

Title: Vibrational communication between the sexes in Diaphorina citri (Hemiptera: Psyllidae)

Authors
item Wenninger, Erik
item Hall, David
item Mankin, Richard

Submitted to: Annals of the Entomological Society of America
Publication Type: Peer Reviewed Journal
Publication Acceptance Date: November 7, 2008
Publication Date: March 1, 2009
Citation: Wenninger, E., Hall, D.G., Mankin, R.W. 2009. Vibrational communication between the sexes in Diaphorina citri (Hemiptera: Psyllidae). Annals of the Entomological Society of America. 102:547-555.

Interpretive Summary: We examined the substrate-borne vibrational signals used in communication between the sexes in the Asian citrus psyllid, a vector of huanglongbing (an economically devastating disease of citrus). Males and females both primarily produced simple, low-amplitude vibrational signals, ranging in duration from 0.1 to 0.7 seconds. Females generally replied to male calls within 0.3 to 1.2 seconds. The signals that we observed for the Asian citrus psyllid are similar to those observed for other psyllids. Calling rate did not differ between virgin males exposed to odors from virgin females on citrus versus those exposed only to clean air. However, the latent period for initialization of calling was significantly shorter for males exposed to clean air, suggesting that in the absence of olfactory cues psyllids might be more inclined to use acoustic signals to communicate with conspecifics. Males were more likely to call the longer they remained unmated.

Technical Abstract: We examined the substrate-borne vibrational signals used in communication between the sexes in Diaphorina citri Kuwayama (Hemiptera: Psyllidae), a vector of huanglongbing (an economically devastating disease of citrus), in an anechoic chamber and an olfactometer. Males and females both primarily produced simple, low-amplitude vibrational signals at multiples of 190-250-Hz, ranging in duration from 140 to 700 ms. Females replied to male calls within an interval of 0.3 to 1.2 s. Such signals are within the ranges of signals observed for other psyllids. Female-female interactions were occasionally observed. Intervals between male calls were not significantly different whether or not females replied. In an olfactometer, calling rate did not differ between virgin males exposed to odors from virgin females on citrus versus those exposed only to clean air. However, the latent period for initialization of calling was significantly shorter for males exposed to clean air, suggesting that in the absence of olfactory cues psyllids might be more inclined to use acoustic signals to communicate with conspecifics. Moreover, calling rate and latency to initialization of calling were positively and negatively correlated, respectively, with male age, suggesting that males are more likely to call the longer they remain unmated.

Last Modified: 4/16/2014
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