|Jay, Michele - CA DEPT. OF PUB HEALTH|
|Wiscomb, Gerald - USDA SACRAMENTO, CA|
|Sweitzer, Richard - UNIV. OF NORTH DAKOTA|
|Crawford-Miksza, Leta - CA DEPT. OF PUB HEALTH|
|Farrar, Jeff - CA DEPT. OF PUB HEALTH|
|Lau, David - US FOOD & DRUG ADMIN.|
|O'Connell, Janice - CA DEPT. OF PUB HEALTH|
|Millington, Anne - CA DEPT. OF PUB HEALTH|
|Asmundson, Roderick - CA DEPT. OF PUB HEALTH|
|Atwill, Edward - CA DEPT. OF PUB HEALTH|
Submitted to: Emerging Infectious Diseases
Publication Type: Peer Reviewed Journal
Publication Acceptance Date: July 5, 2007
Publication Date: September 14, 2007
Citation: Jay, M.T., Cooley, M.B., Carychao, D.K., Wiscomb, G.W., Sweitzer, R.A., Crawford-Miksza, L., Farrar, J.A., Lau, D.K., O'Connell, J., Millington, A., Asmundson, R.V., Atwill, E.R., Mandrell, R.E. 2007. Escherichia coli O157:H7 in Feral Swine Near Spinach Fields and Cattle, Central California Coast. Emerging Infectious Diseases. 13:12. Interpretive Summary: The pathogen E. coli O157:H7 has been shown to infect produce. E. coli O157:H7 was isolated from agricultural environments, including ferel swine, cattle, water, sediment and soil during a nationwide outbreak investigation, associated with spinach in 2007.
Technical Abstract: We investigated involvement of feral swine in contamination of agriculture fields and surface waterways with Escherichia coli O157:H7 after a nationwide outbreak traced to bagged spinach from California. Isolates from feral swine, cattle, surface water, sediment, and soil at 1 ranch were matched to the outbreak strain.