Page Banner

United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Title: Composition of corn dry-grind ethanol by-products: DDGS, wet cake, and thin stillage

Authors
item Kim, Youngmi - PURDUE UNIV
item Mosier, Nathan - PURDUE UNIV
item Hendrickson, Rick - PURDUE UNIV
item Ezeji, Thaddeus - UNIV OF IL
item Blaschek, Hans - UNIV OF IL
item Dien, Bruce
item Cotta, Michael
item Dale, Bruce - MICHIGAN STATE UNIV
item Ladisch, Michael - PURDUE UNIV

Submitted to: Bioresource Technology
Publication Type: Peer Reviewed Journal
Publication Acceptance Date: September 14, 2007
Publication Date: November 7, 2007
Citation: Kim, Y., Mosier, N.S., Hendrickson, R., Ezeji, T., Blaschek, H., Dien, B.S., Cotta, M.A., Dale, B., Ladisch, M.R. 2008. Composition of corn dry-grind ethanol by-products: DDGS, wet cake, and thin stillage. Bioresource Technology. 99(12):5165-5176.

Interpretive Summary: Distillers’ Dried Grains with Solubles (DDGS) and wet distillers’ grains are the major co-products of the dry grind ethanol facilities. As they are mainly used as animal feed, a typical compositional analysis of the DDGS and wet distillers’ grains mainly focuses on defining the feedstock’s nutritional characteristics. With an increasing demand for fuel ethanol, the DDGS and wet distillers’ grains are viewed as a potential bridge feedstock for ethanol production from other cellulosic biomass. The introduction of DDGS or wet distillers’ grains as an additional feed to the existing dry grind plants for increased ethanol yield requires a different approach to the compositional analysis of the material. Rather than focusing on its nutritional value, this new approach aims at determining more detailed chemical composition, especially on polymeric sugars such as cellulose, starch, and xylan, which release fermentable sugars upon enzymatic hydrolysis. In this study, we present a detailed and complete compositional analysis procedure suggested for DDGS and wet distillers’ grains, as well as the resulting compositions completed by three different research groups. This information will help researchers and ethanol plant operators assess the potential value of converting the co-products to fuel ethanol.

Technical Abstract: Distillers' Dried Grains with Solubles (DDGS) and wet distillers’ grains are the major co-products of the dry grind ethanol facilities. As they are mainly used as animal feed, a typical compositional analysis of the DDGS and wet distillers’ grains mainly focuses on defining the feedstock’s nutritional characteristics. With an increasing demand for fuel ethanol, the DDGS and wet distillers’ grains are viewed as a potential bridge feedstock for ethanol production from other cellulosic biomass. The introduction of DDGS or wet distillers’ grains as an additional feed to the existing dry grind plants for increased ethanol yield requires a different approach to the compositional analysis of the material. Rather than focusing on its nutritional value, this new approach aims at determining more detailed chemical composition, especially on polymeric sugars such as cellulose, starch, and xylan, which release fermentable sugars upon enzymatic hydrolysis. In this paper, we present a detailed and complete compositional analysis procedure suggested for DDGS and wet distillers’ grains, as well as the resulting compositions completed by three different research groups. Polymeric sugars, crude protein, crude oil, and ash contents of DDGS and wet distillers’ grains were accurately and reproducibly determined by the compositional analysis procedure described in this paper.

Last Modified: 9/10/2014