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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Title: Global Conservation Strategy for Fragaria (Strawberry)

Author
item Hummer, Kim

Submitted to: Book Chapter
Publication Type: Book / Chapter
Publication Acceptance Date: December 20, 2007
Publication Date: January 20, 2007
Citation: Hummer, K.E. 2007. Global Conservation Strategy for Fragaria (Strawberry). Book Chapter. 760:49-54.

Interpretive Summary: The Global Crop Diversity Trust acting with Bioversity International requested that a global strategy on strawberry conservation be developed. To that end an international expert committee meeting was held from July 5 to 8, 2006, at the United States Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, National Clonal Gemplasm Repository, NCGR, Corvallis, Oregon, United States. A questionnaire was completed by 37 genebank managers from 27 countries. Additional information was researched by the committee from published journals. This book summarizes the status of strawberry conservation at genebanks throughout the world as determined by discussions, research, and analysis of the questionnaires by the expert committee. The strategy establishes protocols for strawberry genebank conservation and provides recommendation for capacity building and research support for strawberry genebanks. These recommendations are provided for consideration of support by the Global Crop Diversity Trust. The committee suggested that two international genebanks be established for strawberries in Asia (suggesting China) and South America (suggesting Chile). This is to improve access of native genetic resources in those areas. A granting system for improved health of strawberries in global genebanks should be supported. The accessions of many strawberry genebanks need additional pathogen testing and elimination procedures to accommodate global distribution needs. Limited resources are constraining genebanks from sufficient personnel, secure backup, adequate facilities, and equipment. Training of genebank staff in standard protocols is needed. Coordination of characterization data and web accessible database listing of strawberry genetic resources should also be supported. The global genebank managers encouraged improved international database management and collaborative work for long term conservation of strawberries for humanity.

Technical Abstract: The Global Crop Diversity Trust acting with Bioversity International requested that a global strategy on strawberry (Fragaria L.) conservation be developed. To that end an international expert committee meeting was held from July 5 to 8, 2006, at the United States Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, National Clonal Gemplasm Repository, NCGR, Corvallis, Oregon, United States. A questionnaire was completed by 37 genebank managers from 27 countries. Additional information was researched by the committee from published journals. This book summarizes the status of strawberry conservation at genebanks throughout the world as determined by discussions, research, and analysis of the questionnaires by the expert committee. The strategy establishes protocols for strawberry genebank conservation and provides recommendation for capacity building and research support for strawberry genebanks. These recommendations are provided for consideration of support by the Global Crop Diversity Trust. The committee suggested that two international genebanks be established for strawberries in Asia (suggesting China) and South America (suggesting Chile). This is to improve access of native genetic resources in those areas. A granting system for improved health of strawberries in global genebanks should be supported. The accessions of many strawberry genebanks need additional pathogen testing and elimination procedures to accommodate global distribution needs. Limited resources are constraining genebanks from sufficient personnel, secure backup, adequate facilities, and equipment. Training of genebank staff in standard protocols is needed. Coordination of characterization data and web accessible database listing of strawberry genetic resources should also be supported. The global genebank managers encouraged improved international database management and collaborative work for long term conservation of strawberries for humanity.

Last Modified: 11/1/2014
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