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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Title: Strawberry Genomics: Botanical History, Cultivation, Traditional Breeding, and New Technologies

Authors
item Hummer, Kim
item Hancock, Jim - MICHIGAN STATE UNIVERSITY

Submitted to: Book Chapter
Publication Type: Book / Chapter
Publication Acceptance Date: October 20, 2007
Publication Date: May 28, 2009
Citation: Hummer, K.E., Hancock, J. 2009. Strawberry Genomics: Botanical History, Cultivation, Traditional Breeding, and New Technologies. In: K. Folta and S. Gardiner (eds.) Genetics and Genomics of Rosaceae. New York, NY: Springer. Chapter 11, p.413-435.

Interpretive Summary: This chapter presents an introduction to genetic work with strawberry DNA. Botanical history, nomenclature, cultivation, traditional and mutational breeding, and new technologies are discussed. The taxonomic classification of the multi-ploid species of strawberries is given and their origins are discussed. Old and new world cultivation is described and the origin of the cultivated hybrid strawberry is summarized. Advances in hybrid strawberry composition based on traditional breeding approaches are provided. New discoveries of genes and markers are described. Structural and functional genomics of strawberries are introduced. The chapter finishes with a section on “Biotechnological approaches to genetic improvement.”

Technical Abstract: This chapter presents an introduction to strawberry (Fragaria L) genomics. Botanical history, nomenclature, cultivation, traditional and mutational breeding, and new technologies are discussed. The taxonomic classification of the broad range of polyploidy species of Fragaria is given and their origins are discussed. Old and new world cultivation is described and the origin of the cultivated hybrid strawberry is summarized. Advances in hybrid strawberry composition based on traditional breeding approaches are provided. New discoveries of genes and markers are described. Structural and functional genomics of Fragaria are introduced. The chapter finishes with a section on “Biotechnological approaches to genetic improvement.”

Last Modified: 4/20/2014