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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Title: Rosaceae: Taxonomy, Economic Importance, Genomics

Authors
item HUMMER, KIM
item Janick, Jules - PURDUE UNIVERISTY

Submitted to: Book Chapter
Publication Type: Book / Chapter
Publication Acceptance Date: August 30, 2007
Publication Date: May 28, 2009
Citation: Hummer, K.E., Janick, J. 2009. Rosaceae: Taxonomy, Economic Importance, Genomics. In: K. Folta and S. Gardiner (eds.) Genetics and Genomics of Rosaceae. New York, NY: Springer. Chapter 1, p. 1-17.

Interpretive Summary: This chapter presents an introduction for the book Genetics and Genomics of the Rose family. It begins with a review of the origin of the family. The first descriptions of the family were made by Michel Adanson and Antoine Laurent de Jussieu in the 1700’s. The theories of the traditional morphologists of the 1970’s are mentioned in light of today’s angiosperm phylogeny group breakdown by gene sequences. World species diversity and distribution are given. The economically important crops of the family are described and summarized. Marketing factors are included for the crop groups. The introduction closes with a statement of the need for Rosaceous Crop Genomics and future study. Those in genomics anticipate the development of more efficient techniques to replace traditional breeding efforts but realize that achieving the equivalent success will not be easy.

Technical Abstract: This chapter presents an introduction for the book Genetics and Genomics of the Rosaceae. It reviews the origins of the Rose family, Rosaceae. Theories of the origin of this plant family are given. The first descriptions by Michel Adanson and Antoine Laurent de Jussieu in the 1700s, controversial traditional morphologists of the 1970’s to today’s angiosperm phylogeny group breakdown by gene sequences, such as those of the internally transcribed spacer region of the ribosomal and chloroplast genes, are presented. World species diversity and distribution are given. The economically important crops of the family are described and summarized. Market factors are included for each crop. The introduction closes with a statement of the need for Rosaceous Crop Genomics. Those in genomics anticipate the development of more efficient techniques to replace traditional breeding efforts but realize that achieving the equivalent success will not be easy.

Last Modified: 9/29/2014