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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Title: Gas chromatography for detection of fruit fly infestation(Diptera:Tephritidae)

Authors
item Kendra, Paul
item Roda, Amy - USDA-APHIS-PPQ
item Montgomery, Wayne
item Epsky, Nancy
item Schnell, Elena
item Heath, Robert

Submitted to: National Entomological Society of America Annual Meeting
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: July 13, 2007
Publication Date: December 12, 2007
Citation: Kendra, P.E., Roda, A.L., Montgomery, W.S., Epsky, N.D., Schnell, E.Q., Heath, R.R. 2007. Gas chromatography for detection of fruit fly infestation(Diptera:Tephritidae). National Entomological Society of America Annual Meeting.

Technical Abstract: ABSTRACT. Tephritid fruit flies are one of the most serious economic pests of fruit crops worldwide. Detection of infestation is difficult since the larval stages are concealed within host fruits. At U.S. ports of entry, quarantine inspectors currently check only ~2% of incoming shipments by manually cutting open the fruit and searching for eggs and larvae. Consequently, there is great demand for high-throughput screening methods for invasive pest species. In this study, we evaluated gas chromatography (GC) as a potential technology for improved detection of hidden insect infestation. We compared GC profiles of volatile chemicals emitted from grapefruit (Citrus x paradisi Macfad.) which were 1) non-infested, 2) infested with the Caribbean fruit fly, Anastrepha suspensa (Loew), and 3) mechanically damaged. Preliminary results indicate that there are peaks potentially diagnostic of damaged fruit and of larval-infested fruit. If infested commodities consistently release unique chemical profiles, this “signature” can be exploited to provide the basis for development of rapid, reliable screening protocols.

Last Modified: 12/21/2014
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