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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Research Project: THE ADVANCEMENT OF SPECTROSCOPIC SENSORS/CHEMOMETRIC ANALYSIS/BIOBASED PRODUCTS FOR QUALITY ASSESSMENT OF FIBER, GRAIN, AND FOOD COMMODITIES

Location: Quality and Safety Assessment Research Unit

Title: Au/Si Nanorod-Based Biosensor for Salmonella Detection

Authors
item Fu, Junxue - UGA
item Park, Bosoon
item Siragusa, Gregory
item Cho, Yong-Jin - KFRI
item Zhao, Yiping - UGA

Submitted to: Biological Sensorics: Critical Technologies for Future Biosystems
Publication Type: Proceedings
Publication Acceptance Date: May 15, 2007
Publication Date: June 17, 2007
Citation: Park, B., Fu, J., Siragusa, G.R., Cho, Y., Zhao, Y. 2007. Au/Si Nanorod-Based Biosensor for Salmonella Detection. Biological Sensorics: Critical Technologies for Future Biosystems. 15-17 June, 2007. Minneapolis, MN, USA

Interpretive Summary: Salmonella is one of the major causes of bacterial gastroenteritis in humans and a source of many food-related outbreaks. Detection of Salmonella is an important task in microbiological analysis to control food safety. Different methods have been developed in order to detect the Salmonella pathogen. However, the biggest challenges are the detection speed and sensitivity. Nanotechnology based on biosensor has shown great potentials for protein and virus detection. Recently, among the many potential nanotechnology applications for food systems, development of nanoscale sensors for food safety and quality measurement are emerging. In this study, a novel nanorod-based biosensor for Salmonella detection was developed using gold and silicon materials for rapid detection of Salmonella with high sensitivity.

Technical Abstract: Among several potentials of nanotechnology applications for food industry, development of nanoscale sensors for food safety and quality measurement are emerging. A novel biosensor for Salmonella detection was developed using Au/Si/ nanorods. The Si nanorods were fabricated by glancing angle deposition method and the Au was sputtered onto the Si nanorods. Alexa 488-succinimide dye was immobilized onto the annealed Si nanorod vis the attachment between Aminopropyltriethoxysilane (APTES). THe anti-Salmonella was conjugated to Au via Dithiobis [succinimidylpropionate] (DSP) self-assembly monolayer (SAM). Due to the high aspect ration nature of the Si nanorods, hundreds or thousands of dye molecules attached to the Si nanorods have been successfully used to detect Salmonella. This new nanoscale biosensor will be of great significance in the food safety and quality.

Last Modified: 4/17/2014
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