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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Research Project: IDENTIFICATION AND CHARACTERIZATION OF GENES AFFECTING COOL AND COLD WATER AQUACULTURE PRODUCTION

Location: Cool and Cold Water Aquaculture Research

Title: Evaluation of family growth response to fish meal and plant protein-based diets of rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)

Authors
item Pierce, Lindsey
item Palti, Yniv
item Silverstein, Jeff
item Barrows, Frederic - USDA,ARS HAGERMAN FISH CU
item Hallerman, Eric - VA POLYTECHNIC INSITIUTE
item Parsons, James - TROUTLODGE, INC.

Submitted to: Meeting Abstract
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: March 22, 2007
Publication Date: September 2, 2007
Citation: Pierce, L., Palti, Y., Silverstein, J., Barrows, F.T., Hallerman, E.M., Parsons, J.E. 2007. Evaluation of family growth response to fish meal and plant protein-based diets of rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss). Meeting Abstract.

Technical Abstract: Both environmental and economic concerns have led to the development of fish-meal free diets for salmonids. The ability of rainbow trout to efficiently utilize plant-based diets for growth and reproduction, and the genetic variation within populations for these traits, has not been thoroughly examined. In a previous study we used microsatellites to determine the pedigree of the top 1% and bottom 1% of progeny in a commercial growth trial of 20 full-sib families reared in a common environment. Half of the fish from each family were fed a standard fish-meal based diet and the other half was fed a plant-protein (gluten) based diet. The family rankings were similar when either diet was fed, indicating no genotype X diet interaction is present in that commercial trout strain. In the present study, growth and reproductive performance of a pedigreed population from another commercial strain were assessed feeding both plant-based and traditional fish-meal diets. Families (95 full-sib and 47 half-sib) were reared in a common environment and parentage assignment performed on 1000 fish fed each diet. Growth and reproductive performance of families fed the plant-based diet were compared to identical families fed the control (fish-meal/oil) diet. Statistical analysis of mean family performance was used to assess genotype x diet interactions.

Last Modified: 7/31/2014
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