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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Research Project: NUTRIENT CYCLING AND UTILIZATION ON ORGANIC DAIRY FARMS

Location: New England Plant, Soil and Water Research Laboratory

Title: Analysis of Phosphorus in Soil Humic Acid Fractions by Enzymatic Hydrolysis and Ultraviolet Irradiation

Authors
item He, Zhongqi
item Olk, Daniel
item Honeycutt, Charles
item Fortuna, Ann Marie
item Ohno, Tsutomu - UNIVERSITY OF MAINE

Submitted to: Soil Science Society of America Annual Meeting
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: August 13, 2007
Publication Date: November 4, 2007
Citation: He, Z., Olk, D.C., Honeycutt, C.W., Fortuna, A., Ohno, T. 2007. Analysis of Phosphorus in Soil Humic Acid Fractions by Enzymatic Hydrolysis and Ultraviolet Irradiation. Soil Science Society of America Annual Meeting. CD-ROM

Technical Abstract: Humic acid is an important soil component which influences chemical, biological, and physical soil properties. In this study, we investigated lability of phosphorus (P) in the mobile humic acid (MHA) and calcium humate (CaHA) fractions of four soils by orthophosphate-releasing enzymatic hydrolysis and ultraviolet (UV) irradiation. Less than 25% of P in these fractions was present in the soluble orthophosphate form. Enzymatic incubation increased soluble orthophosphate to 60%. Treatment by UV irradiation released 6-20% of humic-bound P. However, treatment by both UV irradiation and enzymatic hydrolysis increased soluble orthophosphate only to a maximum of 70% of P in humic factions, indicating that about 30% of humic-bound P was resistant to both enzymatic and UV degradation. As enzymatic incubation released hydrolyzable organic P and UV irradiation abiotically released P mainly by breaking-down orthophosphate-humic substance complexes, this work represents a method for evaluating lability (i.e. availability for plant uptake) of humic substance-bound P. This information has potential utility for managing P availability toward efficient crop utilization of that P.

Last Modified: 7/22/2014
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