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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Research Project: BIOCONTROL OF FUMONISIN AND OTHER MYCOTOXINS IN CORN AND TALL FESCUE WITH MICROBIAL ENDOPHYTES

Location: Toxicology and Mycotoxin Research

Title: Differentiation and identification of species within the Aspergillus section Nigri by using an automated rep-PCR approach

Authors
item Palencia, Edwin - PLANT PATH/U.GA, ATHENS
item Klich, Maren
item Bacon, Charles

Submitted to: Phytopathology
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: June 1, 2007
Publication Date: July 28, 2007
Citation: Palencia, E.R., Klich, M.A., Bacon, C.W. 2007. Differentiation and identification of species within the Aspergillus section Nigri by using an automated rep-PCR approach. Phytopathology. 97:S88.

Interpretive Summary: Abstract - no summary required.

Technical Abstract: The members of the Aspergillus section Nigri, known as black-spored aspergilli, can contaminate several substrates including maize. Although some species within the group can produce plant disease symptoms such as black mold in onions and maize ear rot, the main concern with A. niger aggregate contamination is the production of a chlorinated cyclic polyketide, ochratoxin A. This mycotoxin is nephrotoxic, teratogenic, and carcinogenic to animals. The accurate classification and identification of ochratoxigenic fungi is relevant since it is not clear which strains within A. niger aggregate are capable of producing ochratoxin A on maize and maize products. However this task has been difficult because the morphology of most of the members is very similar. In order to differentiate species within this aggregate we report the use of a repetitive-sequence-based DNA fingerprinting method that looks promising. We used 27 Aspergillus section Nigri species and strains that were previously identified by microscopy and our results indicated a high concordance between the automated DNA fingerprinting system and morphology. This technique reduces the time required by other molecular methods.

Last Modified: 9/1/2014
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