Submitted to: Meeting Abstract
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: January 17, 2007
Publication Date: N/A
Technical Abstract: The presentation will describe the facilities and studies conducted at the North Appalachian Experimental Watershed (NAEW) at Coshocton, Ohio, one of the first watershed research locations in the US. The mission of the outdoor laboratory facility was to determine the effects of land-management practices on hydrology and erosion, to investigate scaling from small plots to large watersheds, and to determine rates and amounts of runoff from watersheds of varying configuration, shape, cover, topography, land-management practice. Concurrently, techniques to measure and sample runoff were developed including the Coshocton wheel, a flow proportional sampler that is used worldwide. Currently, the infrastructure at the NAEW consists of approximately 1000 acres that includes large lysimeters, small and large experimental watersheds, and a network of rain gauges. The early land-management studies contributed to the development of the no-till concept for farming steep lands to reduce erosion and runoff. No-till has been investigated continuously for 43 years at the NAEW with the current emphasis on effects on soil quality, carbon sequestration, and crop residue removal for biofuel production. Subsequent experimental watershed studies included investigations of the effects of conservation tillage, herbicide application, nutrients, pasture management, mining and reclamation for coal, and urbanization on hydrology and water quality. Other studies conducted throughout the history of the NAEW include those on rain-gauges, soil carbon, evapotranspiration, precipitation simulation, evaluation of effectives of management practices, ground-water recharge, curve numbers, macropores, hydraulics, watershed modeling, and instrumentation development. Expertise and data at the NAEW are sought after worldwide on these topics. The NAEW continues to have an important impact in the soil and water conservation community.