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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Title: Tillage, Cover Crop, and Nitrogen Fertilizer Source Effects on Soil Carbon and Nitrogen Sequestration.

Authors
item SAINJU, UPENDRA
item Senwo, Zacahry - ALABAMA A & M UNIVERSITY
item Nyakatawa, Ermson - ALABAMA A & M UNIVERSITY
item Tazisong, Irenus - ALABAMA A & M UNIVERSITY
item Reddy, K. Chandra - ALABAMA A & M UNIVERSITY

Submitted to: Symposium Proceedings
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: May 5, 2007
Publication Date: July 15, 2007
Citation: Sainju, U.M., Senwo, Z.N., Nyakatawa, E.Z., Tazisong, I.A., Reddy, K. 2007. Tillage, cover crop, and nitrogen fertilizer source effects on soil carbon and nitrogen sequestration. In: A. Chabbi (ed.) Proc. International Symposium on Organic Matter Dynamics in Agro-Ecosystems. July 16-19, 2007. Poitiers, France. p. 446-447.

Technical Abstract: The 10-yr effect of combinations of tillage (no-till, mulch till, and conventional till), cover crop (rye vs. none), and N fertilization source and rate (0 and 100 kg N ha-1 from NH4NO3 and 100 and 200 kg N ha-1 from poultry manure) was evaluated on crop residues and soil organic C (SOC) and organic N (SON) contents at the 0-20 cm depth in northern Alabama, USA The amount of crop residue returned to the soil increased with N fertilization from NH4NO3 and poultry manure, regardless of tillage or cover crop. While SOC and SON were not influenced by treatments at 10-20 cm, they were 12 to 21% greater in rye and N fertilization with or without tillage than in no rye and N fertilization with conventional tillage at 0-10 cm. To a depth of 20 cm, SOC and SON contents were 23-25% greater with cropping than with bare fallow and 8-19% greater with poultry manure than with 0 and 100 kg N ha-1 from NH4NO3. While tillage had minimum impact, long-term N fertilization from inorganic N fertilizer or poultry manure with rye cover cropping increased C and N sequestration, indicating improved soil quality and productivity.

Last Modified: 8/19/2014
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