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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Research Project: APPLICATION OF BIOLOGICAL AND MOLECULAR TECHNIQUES TO THE DIAGNOSIS AND CONTROL OF AVIAN INFLUENZA AND OTHER EMERGING POULTRY PATHOGENS Title: Genetic analysis of the H5 HA from North American wild bird origin avian influenza viruses

Authors
item Spackman, Erica
item Swayne, David
item Suarez, David
item Senne, Dennis - USDA-APHIS, NATL VET SVC
item Pasick, John - CANADA NATL ANIM DIS LAB
item Handel, Kathy - CANADA NATL ANIM DIS LAB
item Ip, Hon - WILDLIFE DIS LAB, MADISON
item Slemons, Richard - THE OHIO STATE UNIV
item Stallknecht, David - UNIVERSITY OF GEORGIA

Submitted to: Options for the Control of Influenza Conference
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: March 1, 2007
Publication Date: June 18, 2007
Citation: Spackman, E., Swayne, D.E., Suarez, D.L., Senne, D., Pasick, J., Handel, K., Ip, H., Slemons, R., Stallknecht, D. 2007. Genetic analysis of the H5 HA from North American wild bird origin avian influenza viruses [abstract]. Options for the Control of Influenza VI Conference, June 17-23, 2007, Toronto, Canada. p. 171.

Technical Abstract: Some strains of the current H5N1 HPAI viruses circulating in Asia have acquired the unusual ability to cause morbidity and mortality in some species of ducks. Currently little is understood about the molecular basis of this pathogenic feature, however because of the role of the HA protein in the pathogenesis of the virus in other species, evaluating the differences in HA sequence between pathogenic and non-pathogenic viruses of the same subtype may provide insight. Evaluation of LPAI viruses isolated from wild birds in North America provides one such data set for initial evaluation and may serve as an example of natural-host adapted virus. Here we present the initial genetic analysis, including the proteolytic cleavage site sequence analysis, and phylogenetic analysis of the H5 HA genes of 70 H5 viruses isolated from wild birds in North America between 1975 and 2006. Sequences from the duck-origin viruses from North America were also compared to the H5 HA from chicken adapted avian influenza viruses from Mexico and the Asian H5 HPAI HA. Numerous sublineages of H5 viruses in wild bird-origin isolates were observed. All have low pathogenic type cleavage sites and were more closely related to other North American origin viruses that to the Eurasian H5 viruses as expected.

Last Modified: 12/18/2014
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