Location: Cotton Structure and Quality Research
Title: Relating Fiber Quality to Yarn Quality Utilizing Data from Multiple Years. Authors
Submitted to: National Cotton Council Beltwide Cotton Conference
Publication Type: Proceedings
Publication Acceptance Date: January 15, 2007
Publication Date: July 2, 2007
Citation: Delhom, C.D., Thibodeaux, D.P., Rodgers Iii, J.E. Relating Fiber Quality to Yarn Quality Utilizing Data from Multiple Years.. National Cotton Council Beltwide Cotton Conference. CD-Rom pp1995-2001 Interpretive Summary: A five year collaborative research effort between Cotton Quality Research Station and the Southern Regional Research Center was recently concluded. The project aimed to study leading cotton varieties from three major production locations over a five year period. The results are used to relate fiber quality to yarn quality by looking at specific varieties grown in different locations at the same time, as well as specific varieties grown in the same location over multiple years. This approach helps to separate varietal or genetic effects from environmental effects. It is hoped that this research will lead to a better understanding and use of fiber test results in the processing of cotton fiber into yarn.
Technical Abstract: A five year collaborative effort was undertaken at both the Cotton Quality Research Station and the Southern Regional Research Center to assess leading cotton varieties. The two locations independently measured fiber properties for the same cottons for five years. The fiber from each year was processed into yarn at the Cotton Quality Research Station in Clemson, SC. The resultant yarns were tested at both the Cotton Quality Research Station and the Southern Regional Research Center. The first three years’ cotton fiber was also processed at the Southern Regional Research Center. The relationship between fiber and yarn properties is studied over the course of the collaborative project. The project was designed to evaluate the leading varieties from various geographic areas of cotton production over a number of years. The extent of the processing and testing was intended to help alleviate limitations in previous studies of this type. A large number of varieties were tested during the course of the study. The result of the study contributes to the understanding of the fiber to yarn relationship.