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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Title: Identification of Large-Seeded High Yielding Diverse Kabuli Accessions in Newly Assembled Chickpea Germplasm.

Authors
item Upadhyaya, H - ICRISAT
item Coyne, Clarice
item Singh, S - ICRISAT
item Gowda, Cll - ICRISAT
item Lalitha, Nanumasa - ICRISAT
item Muehlbauer, Frederick

Submitted to: International Chickpea and Pigeonpea Newsletter
Publication Type: Peer Reviewed Journal
Publication Acceptance Date: January 1, 2006
Publication Date: January 31, 2006
Citation: Upadhyaya, H.D., Coyne, C.J., Singh, S., Gowda, C., Lalitha, N., Muehlbauer, F.J. 2006. Identification of Large-Seeded High Yielding Diverse Kabuli Accessions in Newly Assembled Chickpea Germplasm. International Chickpea and Pigeonpea Newsletter.13:2-5

Interpretive Summary: Fourteen selected large-seeded kabuli accessions produced on an average of 8.18% higher seed yield and 44.25% larger seeds than the average of the two kabuli control cultivars. PI 543533 (originating from USA) and PI 543599 (Mexico) were the early flowering and took 36.1 and 36.6 days to flower, had large seeds (45.5 and 53.1 g 100 seeds-1), and produced high seed yield (1700 and 1906 kg ha-1). These large-seeded chickpea accessions can be used in plant breeding programs for crop improvement.

Technical Abstract: Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) is an important grain legume grown for easily available quality protein in comparison to animal protein and its nitrogen fixing capability. India, Pakistan, Myanmar, Turkey, and Iran in Asia, Mexico in North Central America, and Ethiopia in Africa are the largest chickpea producing countries. Recently chickpea is being cultivated on considerable area in Canada, Australia, and USA. Two types of chickpeas – kabuli and desi are recognized. The kabuli types have owl-shaped, large beige colored seeds with thin seed coat and white colored flowers. Desi types have angular-shaped, small and dark colored seeds with thick seed coat, and colored flowers. Kabuli types account about 15% of the world chickpea. However, about two-thirds of chickpea growing countries cultivate only the kabuli types. Kabuli types fetch a higher price in markets. In India the price of kabuli chickpeas is 100% more than the Desi chickpeas. In Canada, where chickpea is grown as cash crop mainly for export to other countries, kabuli chickpeas with seed weight of 50g 100 seeds-1 fetch 60% higher price than the small seeded (25g 100 seed-1) desi chickpeas. The aim of our study is to identify large-seeded high yielding kabuli germplasm accessions in the 335 newly introduced kabuli chickpea germplasm accessions. Fourteen selected large-seeded kabuli accessions produced on an average of 8.18% higher seed yield and 44.25% larger seeds than the average of the two kabuli control cultivars. PI 543533 (originating from USA) and EC 543599 (Mexico) were the early flowering and took 36.1 and 36.6 days to flower, had large seeds (45.5 and 53.1 g 100 seeds-1), and produced high seed yield (1700 and 1906 kg ha-1).

Last Modified: 4/17/2014
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