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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Title: Adsorption and Degradation of Mesotrione in Four Soils

Authors
item Shaner, Dale
item Brunk, Galen - COLORADO STATE UNIVERSITY
item Westra, Phil - COLORADO STATE UNIVERSITY
item Nissen, Scott - COLORADO STATE UNIV

Submitted to: North Central Weed Science Society US Proceedings
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: November 1, 2006
Publication Date: December 12, 2006
Citation: Shaner, D.L., Brunk, G., Westra, P., Nissen, S. 2006. Adsorption and Degradation of Mesotrione in Four Soils. North Central Weed Science Society US Proceedings. Milwaukee WI, 12/12/2006.

Technical Abstract: Adsorption and degradation of mesotrione in four soils Dale Shaner, Galen Brunk, Scott Nissen and Phil Westra The adsorption and fate of mesotrione was studied in four diverse soil types varying in pH, organic matter (OM), and texture. The adsorption of mesotrione to each soil was determined using a batch equilibrium method. OM and soil pH were the most significant component of mesotrione adsorption. As soil pH increased, mesotrione adsorption decreased. The rate of dissipation of mesotrione in the plant available soil water (PAW) and soil matrix was determined for all four soils. Mesotrione decomposed rapidly in PAW of a soil with high pH (pH 7.4) whereas there was no decomposition in PAW in an acidic soil (pH 5.2). Degradation of mesotrione was significantly reduced or eliminated in PAW when soils were sterilized by irradiation. Overall, the extent of adsorption is dependent on soil OM while degradation is driven by soil microbes. Soil pH also has a major impact on the ultimate fate of mesotrione. Mesotrione degraded rapidly in a low OM, pH 7.4 soil, but was stable in a low OM, pH 5.2 soil. Chemical degradation becomes more significant in high pH soils.

Last Modified: 4/15/2014
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