NUTRITION, IMMUNE SYSTEM ENHANCEMENT, AND PHYSIOLOGY OF AQUATIC ANIMALS
Location: Aquatic Animal Health Research
Title: Tilapia: Biology, Culture, and Nutrition
Submitted to: Complete Book
Publication Type: Book / Chapter
Publication Acceptance Date: March 10, 2006
Publication Date: September 15, 2006
Citation: Lim, C.E., Webster, C.D. editors. 2006. Tilapia: Biology, Culture, and Nutrition. Complete Book. Binghamton, NY: Haworth Press. 703 p.
ilapia, because of their incredible adaptability and ability to reproduce in a wide range of physical and environmental conditions, excellent growth rates on a wide variety of natural and prepared diets, resistance to handling and disease-causing agents, and their broad consumer appeal as a food fish, are the most successfully-cultured fish species worldwide. They are increasingly recognized as the species of choice for intensive aquaculture and are likely to become the most-important of all cultured fish in the 21st century.
In the past two decades, as a result technological development and improvement, tilapia farming has expanded rapidly worldwide at a rate of about 12-15% annually and is predicted to continue to grow steadily for the foreseeable future. During this period, a number of books and conference proceedings dealing with various aspects of tilapia biology, aquaculture, and exploitation have been published. The information contained in these publications has contributed greatly to the successful development and expansion of the current tilapia aquaculture industry. In the past few years, however, considerable technological advancement has occurred. Thus, this book attempts to put together the currently-available information related to tilapia aquaculture into a single, most comprehensive volume.
This book begins with an exhaustive review of biology. This chapter is followed by the prospect and potential for global production, physiological aspects of growth, recent directions in genetics, seed production, and hormonal manipulation of sex. The current state of commercial tilapia culture are grouped into production systems, namely pond production, culture in flowing water, and cage culture. The chapter on farming in saline water presents the most comprehensive knowledge associated with all stages of tilapia production, production systems, and socio-economic impacts. Management of soil and water in ponds and suggestions for improvement of effluent quality to minimize impact on the environment are discussed. Current knowledge on nutrient requirements, non-nutrient dietary components, feed formulation and processing, and feeding practices are presented. Common parasites and diseases, as well as their prevention and control, and vaccinology against streptococcal disease, also are extensively discussed in this book. Subsequent chapter elaborates the techniques used for harvest, handling, and processing. The book concludes with a comprehensive chapter on marketing and economics.