Page Banner

United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Research Project: FATE AND TRANSPORT OF MANURE-BORNE PATHOGENIC MICROORGANISMS Title: Evaluating Uncertainty in E. Coli Retention in Vegetated Buffer Strips in Locations Selected with Swat Simulations

Authors
item Guber, Andrey
item Pachepsky, Yakov
item Sadeghi, Ali

Submitted to: Watershed Management Conference Proceedings
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: August 24, 2006
Publication Date: March 11, 2007
Citation: Guber, A.K., Pachepsky, Y.A., Sadeghi, G.J. 2007. Evaluating uncertainty in E. coli retention in vegetated buffer strips in locations selected with swat simulations. Watershed Management Conference Proceedings, March 11-13, 2007, San Antonio, Texas. #9, page 6.

Technical Abstract: Vegetated buffer strips (VFS), as the best management practice, have become an important component of the water quality improvement in watersheds. The SWAT model allows for a comprehensive description of agricultural practices, and has proven to be efficient in applications to watershed with a substantial agricultural component. The REMM and the WEPP models have recently been suggested to use SWAT output to evaluate the VSF retention capacity with respect to nutrient and sediment loads. The concern about the manure-borne pathogens in waterways and water bodies has to be addressed in more details by estimating the efficiency of VFS in pathogen retention. The existing knowledge base shows that the functioning of VSF as barriers for manure-borne pathogens to the large extent depends on vegetation status, soil infiltration capacity in VFS, and rainfall intensity and duration. The effect of these factors on the pathogen breakthrough in VFS needs to be researched at the time scales smaller than the computation interval of one day that SWAT uses. The downscaling of the SWAT output to the smaller time scales, however, introduces an uncertainty. We have developed the model STIR to simulate the overland transport and loss to infiltration of manure-borne pathogens in VFS. This model was used in Monte Carlo simulations to evaluate the possible variability in pathogen breakthrough in VFS with inputs from SWAT. The simulations show that probabilistic characterization of the VFS efficiency with site-specific soil and weather properties can be useful in making decisions on VFS placement with respect to manure-borne pathogens

Last Modified: 8/29/2014