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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Research Project: CHARACTERIZATION AND ENHANCEMENT OF PLANT RESISTANCE TO WATER-DEFICIT AND THERMAL STRESSES

Location: Plant Stress and Germplasm Development Research

Title: Comparative Expression Profiling of Desiccation Tolerant and Sensitive Plants

Authors
item PAYTON, PAXTON
item OLIVER, MELVIN

Submitted to: Meeting Abstract
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: November 15, 2006
Publication Date: November 17, 2006
Citation: Payton, P.R., Oliver, M.J. 2006. Comparative Expression Profiling of Desiccation Tolerant and Sensitive Plants[abstract]. International Center for Arid & Semi-Arid Studies Conference. Lubbock, Texas. November 15-17, 2006.

Technical Abstract: Drought tolerance and desiccation tolerance have often been cited as manifestations of the same mechanism: desiccation tolerance being the extreme form of drought tolerance. However, there is a fundamental difference between drought and desiccation tolerance; drought tolerance mechanisms include ways of maintaining cell water content, such as osmotic regulation and stomatal closure, whereas desiccation tolerance consists of ways to survive the complete loss of water. It is clear that an evolutionary understanding of the relationship between drought and desiccation tolerance is necessary to determine which genes are adaptive in nature and which simply respond to secondary events such as cell injury. Our approach is to compare the expression profiles for genes in response to water deficits in drought sensitive species with their orthologues in desiccation-tolerant species during desiccation and within a phylogenetic framework. Our comparisons encompass a dicot to dicot pairing, a monocot to monocot pairing, and the comparison of both to the most primitive form of vegetative desiccation tolerance as manifested in the desiccation tolerant bryophyte Tortula ruralis. Initial comparisons between the water stress response of Arabidopsis and the desiccation response of Tortula have generated a solid baseline of similarities and differences that have generated the necessary hypotheses for our pair-wise comparisons. These data will allow us to focus attention on genes and gene networks that are truly central to cellular dehydration tolerance and may enable a more rational approach for the improvement of drought tolerance in crop species.

Last Modified: 9/10/2014
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