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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Research Project: ENZYME-BASED TECHNOLOGIES FOR MILLING GRAINS AND PRODUCING BIOBASED PRODUCTS AND FUELS Title: Effect of B Vitamin and Lipid Supplementation to Improve Fermentation Characteristics of the Modified Dry Grind Process

Authors
item Ganti, Murthy - UNIV. OF ILLINOIS
item Singh, Vijay - UNIV. OF ILLINOIS
item Rausch, Kent - UNIV. OF ILLINOIS
item Johnston, David
item Tumbleson, M - UNIV OF ILLINOIS

Submitted to: Proceedings of the American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers International (ASABE)
Publication Type: Proceedings
Publication Acceptance Date: July 1, 2006
Publication Date: July 9, 2006
Citation: Ganti, M.S., Singh, V., Rausch, K., Johnston, D., Tumbleson, M.E. 2006. Effect of b vitamin and lipid supplementation to improve fermentation characteristics of the modified dry grind process. Proceedings of the American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers International (ASABE).Paper #066067.

Technical Abstract: Fractionation technologies that produce higher value coproducts from dry grind corn processing have been developed. In one of the fractionation technologies, dry degerm defiber (3D) process, separation of germ and pericarp fiber is performed prior to fermentation of the endosperm fraction. Fermentation characteristics of endosperm fraction from the 3D process are inferior to ground whole corn because of a deficiency in lipids essential for yeast growth. Lipid supplementation and B vitamins separately improved glucose utilization, increased ethanol concentration and reduced production of organic acids, such as acetic and succinic acids. In this study, combinations of B vitamins and lipids were used to evaluate synergistic effect of two micronutrients added during the fermentation of endosperm fraction from 3D process. Combinations of B vitamins and lipids enhanced ethanol production by improving glucose utilization (due to B vitamins) and higher ethanol tolerance (due to lipid supplements). All lipid and B vitamins treatments had higher final ethanol concentrations compared to control with no added supplements. One of the six lipid supplements tested showed higher ethanol concentrations compared to other lipid supplements. Higher fermenter productivity and higher final ethanol concentrations can be achieved by lipid and B vitamin supplementation of endosperm fraction from 3D process.

Last Modified: 4/19/2014