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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Title: Local Igf-I Enhances the Sensitivity of Muscle Protein Synthesis to Insulin

Authors
item Oliver, William - BAYLOR COLL OF MEDICINE
item Rosenberger, Judy - BAYLOR COLL OF MEDICINE
item Lopez, Rusmely - BAYLOR COLL OF MEDICINE
item Fiorotto, Marta

Submitted to: Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology Conference
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: March 7, 2005
Publication Date: April 1, 2006
Citation: Oliver, W.T., Rosenberger, J., Lopez, R., Fiorotto, M.L. 2006. Local IGF-I enhances the sensitivity of muscle protein synthesis to insulin [abstract]. The Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology Conference: Advancing the Biomedical Frontier, April 1-5, 2006, San Francisco, California. 20(5):Part II, p. A821.

Technical Abstract: Skeletal muscle protein synthesis in the immature muscle is highly sensitive to insulin and nutrients. We hypothesized that this sensitivity of protein synthesis to insulin is attributable to local IGFs that are expressed at a significant level by immature skeletal muscle. To test the hypothesis, transgenic mice with high muscle IGF-I (SIS2, n=68) and wildtype (Wt, n=71) controls at 3, 5, and 10 wk were assigned to one of three treatments (fasted; refed; refed+diazoxide (to block insulin secretion)). After an overnight fast, mice were refed for 90 min. Skeletal muscle fractional protein synthesis rate (FSR) was measured "in vivo" over the last 15 min using a flooding dose of (3)[H]-phenylalanine (1.5 mmol phe/kg BW). Blood was collected to measure serum insulin and glucose. The feeding-induced increase in insulin (P<0.01) was blocked by diazoxide treatment and insulin remained at or fell below fasting levels. Glucose levels in the refed group were similar to fasting levels, but increased 2- to 4-fold (P<0.01) in diazoxide-treated mice. Fasted SIS2 mice had higher FSR compared to fasted Wt mice at all ages (P<0.05). Refeeding increased FSR for both genotypes at all ages (P<0.01). Diazoxide treatment inhibited the feeding-induced stimulation of FSR: in Wt mice FSR remained at fasting levels, whereas in SIS2 mice FSR decreased (P<0.01) to values similar to those of Wt fasted mice. The higher FSR in fasted SIS2 mice is consistent with the hypothesis that local IGF enhances the sensitivity of muscle protein synthesis to insulin. Upon refeeding insulin contributed more than nutrients to the increase in muscle FSR.

Last Modified: 9/21/2014
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