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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Research Project: DETECTION, SOURCE IDENTIFICATION, ENVIRONMENTAL TRANSPORT, FATE, AND TREATMENT OF PATHOGENIC MICROORGANISMS DERIVED FROM ANIMAL WASTES Title: Significance of Straining in Colloid Deposition: Evidence and Implications

Authors
item Bradford, Scott
item Simunek, Jirka - U.C. RIVERSIDE, CA
item Bettahar, Mehdi - PARSONS, PASADENA, CA
item Van Genuchten, Martinus
item Yates, Scott

Submitted to: Geological Society of America Meeting
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: September 1, 2005
Publication Date: October 19, 2005
Citation: Bradford, S.A., Simunek, J., Bettahar, M., Van Genuchten, M.T., Yates, S.R. 2005. Significance of straining in colloid deposition: evidence and implications. Geological Society of America Meeting. Paper No. 243-4

Technical Abstract: Filtration theory is often used to characterize colloid attachment when deposition is controlled by chemical interactions between colloids and grain surfaces. Over the past decade considerable research suggests that colloid deposition is frequently not consistent with filtration theory predictions under unfavorable attachment conditions. Filtration theory does not include the potential influence of pore structure, grain-grain junctions, and surface roughness on straining deposition. This work highlights recent experimental evidence that indicates that straining can play an important role in colloid deposition, and may explain many of the reported limitations of filtration theory. This conclusion is based upon pore size distribution information, size exclusion, time and concentration dependent deposition behavior, colloid size distribution information, hyperexponential deposition profiles, the dependence of deposition on colloid and porous medium size, batch release rates, micromodel observations, and deposition at textural interfaces. The implications of straining in unsaturated and heterogeneous systems are also discussed, as well as the potential influence of system hydrodynamics. The inability of attachment theory predictions to describe experimental colloid transport data is demonstrated. Specific tests to identify the occurrence and/or absence of straining and attachment are proposed.

Last Modified: 8/2/2014
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