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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Research Project: CHARACTERIZATION AND ENHANCEMENT OF PLANT RESISTANCE TO WATER-DEFICIT AND THERMAL STRESSES Title: Functional Characteristics of Ptgs in Agrobacteria Leaf Infiltrations

Authors
item Velten, Jeffrey
item Cazzonelli, Christopher

Submitted to: Meeting Abstract
Publication Type: Proceedings
Publication Acceptance Date: April 14, 2006
Publication Date: May 20, 2006
Citation: Velten, J.P., Cazzonelli, C.I. 2006. Functional characteristics of ptgs in agrobacteria leaf infiltrations[abstract]. 16th Penn State Plant Symposium--RNA Biology: Novel Insights from Plant Systems. University Park, PA, May 18-20, 2006.

Technical Abstract: “Co-suppression” associated loss of flower pigmentation in petuna plants engineered to over-express chalcone synthase was one of the first clear indicators of the natural process of RNA-associated gene silencing in plants. We have been exploring the possible use of engineered anthocyanin over-production in vegetative tissues as a visual indicator of gene activation and silencing. Constitutive over-expression of the Arabidopsis PAP1 or PAP2 genes, encoding transcription factors from the myb family (AtMYB75 and AtMYB 90, respectively), can result in ectopic over-production of anthocyanin pigments in both Arabidopsis and other plant species. The resulting pigment accumulation leads to a clearly visible red-to-purple color in the leaves, stems and flower of select transgenic lines. In order to examine the utility of MYB-induced pigmentation as a visible reporter we have generated transgenic N. tabacum and N. Benthamiana lines that over-express the Arabidopsis PAP2 gene. Agro-infiltration of leaves on purple tobacco plants, using a T-DNA construct that produces dsRNA against PAP2, generates a loss of anthocyanin pigmentation, both at the site of infusion, and in leaves distal to the treated leaf. The signal for distal silencing moves upward in the plant and is transient, affecting only 2-4 leaves at an early stage of emergence. Although subsequently emergent leaves return to the purple phenotype, the distally silenced leaves remain green until senescence. We are exploring the nature of the silencing signal and the molecular status of the PAP2 transgene within silenced and active leaf tissues.

Last Modified: 12/19/2014
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