Title: Planting Date Influences Critical Period for Weed Control in Sweet Corn Authors
Submitted to: Weed Science Society of America Meeting Abstracts
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: October 15, 2005
Publication Date: February 12, 2006
Citation: Williams, M., Frihauf, J.C. 2005. Planting date influences critical period for weed control in sweet corn [abstract]. Weed Science Society of America Meeting Abstracts. 46:219. Technical Abstract: The critical period for weed control (CPWC) identifies the phase of the crop growth cycle when weed interference results in unacceptable yield losses; however, the effect of planting date on CPWC is poorly known. Field studies were conducted in 2004 and 2005 at Urbana, IL to determine CPWC in sweet corn for early-May (EARLY) and late-June (LATE) planting dates. A quantitative series of treatments of both increasing duration of interference and length of weed-free period were imposed within each planting date main plot. The beginning and end of the CPWC, based on 5% loss of marketable ear mass, was determined by fitting logistic and Gompertz equations to relative yield data representing increasing duration of weed interference and weed-free periods, respectively. Weed interference stressed the crop more quickly and to a greater extent EARLY, relative to LATE. At a 5% yield loss level, duration of weed interference for 160 and 682 growing degree days (GDD) from crop emergence marked the beginning of the CPWC for EARLY and LATE, respectively. When maintained weed-free for 320 and 134 GDD, weeds emerging later caused yield losses of less than 5% for EARLY and LATE, respectively. Predominant weed species included Chenopodium album, Abutilon theophrasti, and Amaranthus retroflexus. Despite weed densities exceeding 85 plants m-2 for the duration of the experiments, weed canopy height and total aboveground weed biomass were 300% and 500% higher, respectively, for EARLY compared to LATE. Interactions between planting date and CPWC indicate the need to consider planting date in the optimization of integrated weed management systems for sweet corn.