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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Title: Preparation and Characterization of Poly (Lactic Acid) Green Composites Using Agricultural Co-Products As Fillers

Authors
item Finkenstadt, Victoria
item Liu, Linshu
item Liu, Cheng Kung
item Cermak, Steven
item Evangelista, Roque
item Hojilla-Evangelista, Milagros
item Willett, Julious

Submitted to: Meeting Abstract
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: August 16, 2006
Publication Date: August 16, 2006
Citation: Finkenstadt, V.L., Liu, L.S., Liu, C., Cermak, S.C., Evangelista, R.L., Hojillaevangelist, M.P., Willett, J.L. 2006. Preparation and characterization of poly (lactic acid) green composites using agricultural co-products as fillers [abstract]. World Conference & Exhibition on Oilseed/Vegetable Oil Utilization, Istanbul, Turkey.

Technical Abstract: Poly (lactic acid) is a biodegradable plastic made from renewable resources and has similar mechanical properties to polypropylene. PLA is more expensive than petroleum-based plastics, and the use of low-cost fillers as extenders is desirable. Agricultural co-products (AcP) of oilseed crops were collected after initial processing. Cuphea (C), Milkweed (M) and Lesquerella (L) are oil seed crops. PLA was melted in a twin-screw extruder then AcP (0%, 8%, 15%, 22%, 30% and 45% w/w) was added producing a homogeneous resin which was injection molded. As AcP content increased, tensile strength for all PLA composites decreased as predicted by the Nicolais-Narkis model. PLA-C exhibited increased stiffness. In contrast, the modulus of PLA-M & PLA-L decreased slightly. Unexpectedly, PLA-M showed extensive stress-cracking under tensile stress and exhibited an elongation value 50% to 200% more than the PLA control. Acoustic emission shows ductile behavior of the PLA-milkweed composite.

Last Modified: 10/1/2014
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