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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Title: Experimental Acute Bvdv Infection in White Tail Deer Fawn

Authors
item Ridpath, Julia
item Mark, C - SOUTH DAKOTA STATE UNIVER
item Chase, C C - SOUTH DAKOTA STATE UNIVER
item Neill, John

Submitted to: American Association of Bovine Practitioners Proceedings
Publication Type: Proceedings
Publication Acceptance Date: September 21, 2006
Publication Date: September 21, 2009
Citation: Ridpath, J.F., Mark, C.S., Chase, C.C., Neill, J.D. 2009. Experimental Acute BVDV Infection in White Tail Deer Fawn. In: Proceedings of the American Association of Bovine Practitioners 39th Annual Convention, September 21-23, 2006, Saint Paul, Minnesota. Available: http://www.aabp.org/meeting/program2006.pdf.

Technical Abstract: Bovine viral diarrhea viruses (BVDV) infect a number of domestic and wildlife species besides cattle. Because free ranging cervid populations are frequently in contact with domestic cattle in the U.S., possible transfer of BVDV between cattle and cervids has significant implications for proposed BVDV control programs. BVDV has been isolated from German roe deer, Scottish deer, white tail deer and mousedeer, but little information is available regarding clinical presentation and progression of infection in these species. Preliminary studies of experimental infection of deer with BVDV have noted seroconversion but no clinical signs. In this study we infected white tail deer fawns, negative for BVDV and antibodies against BVDV with either a type 1 or a type 2 BVDV. The clinical progression following inoculation in these fawns was similar to that seen in BVDV infections in cattle and included fever and depletion of circulating lymphocytes.

Last Modified: 11/27/2014
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