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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Title: Do You Know What Class Your Roots Are In? and Why It Matters?

Author
item Zobel, Richard

Submitted to: Annual Missouri Symposium
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: April 13, 2006
Publication Date: May 24, 2006
Citation: Zobel, R.W. 2006. Do you know what class your roots are in? and why it matters?. 23rd Annual Missouri Symposium: Plant roots from genes to form and function. Columbia, MO. May 24-26, 2006. Abstracts volume.

Technical Abstract: Genetic control of root form and function has been demonstrated to be specific for root type (class) within a root system. Previous research has characterized 4 distinct root types within the primary root system of corn, soybean, tomato and snap bean. Current evidence suggests that this level of specificity also applies to the finest roots of a root system (tertiary system). It will be demonstrated that different fine root (<1 mm) diameter classes have characteristic responses to environmental differences. These response patterns vary between cultivars as well as species, but are consistent within a homozygous cultivar. Some of these responses are: increases or decreases in diameter, increased elongation (initiation) or increased death, increased or decreased tissue mass density, and initiation of novel root types. It will be shown that, in a wide selection of species, there are as many as 4, apparently distinct, diameter classes of root less than 1 mm in diameter. One conclusion is that many root characteristics may have a rather simple inheritance pattern rather than the presumed multi- or poly-genic inheritance. Initial techniques, to identify and separate these classes for additional study, will be discussed.

Last Modified: 11/23/2014
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