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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Title: Plant Exploration for Fruit Genetic Resources in Sakhalin Territory

Authors
item Sabitov, Andrey - RUSSIAN FAR EAST STATION
item Chebukin, Pavel - RUSSIAN FAR EAST STATION
item Hummer, Kim

Submitted to: Acta Horticulture Proceedings
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: May 20, 2006
Publication Date: August 13, 2006
Citation: Sabitov, A., Chebukin, P., Hummer, K.E. 2006. Plant exploration for fruit genetic resources in sakhalin territory. Acta Horticulture Proceedings.

Interpretive Summary: The Far East Experimental Station (FEES), Vladivostok, of the N.I.Vavilov All-Russian Institute of Plant Industry, is close to N. I. Vavilov East Asian center of origin for cultivated plants. Siberia and the Far East of Russia have diverse fruit plants and wild relatives. The objectives at FEES are to observe the diversity in wild species and identify genotypes with valuable breeding traits. The range of some species is only on Hokkaido, Kurile, and Sakhalin Islands, but some also have a continental distribution. In 2003 and 2005, we collected island samples of many berry species. The native blueberry fruits are a popular food for native people, who sell and eat several dark-fruited and red fruited species during summer and fall. We collected seeds from many populations and forms. We collected 5 species of currants from different regions. A particularly low growing species is used fresh and for jam. This species from Sakhalin are more adapted, larger, and more easily cultivated than are the plants from the continent. Cloudberry, a fruit that usually has bright orange fruit was found with unusual, large, dark-crimson berries. Unusual forms of strawberries were found on the islands. The only known Asian octoploid strawberry was collected from Atsonupuri Volcano, Iturup. The berry is very aromatic. We found diverse hardy kiwifruit and other vining species in southern Sakhalin. Plants from the islands break bud and bloom later than do continental ones. These expeditions were conducted under a bilateral agreement between the germplasm systems of the Russia Federation and United States. Plants materials are preserved in both countries.

Technical Abstract: The Far East Experimental Station (FEES), Vladivostok, of the N.I.Vavilov All-Russian Institute of Plant Industry, is close to N. I. Vavilov East Asian center of origin for cultivated plants. Siberia and the Far East of Russia have diverse fruit plants and wild relatives. The objectives at FEES are to observe the diversity in wild species and identify genotypes with valuable breeding traits. The range of some species is only on Hokkaido, Kurile, and Sakhalin Islands, but some also have a continental distribution. In 2003 and 2005, we collected island samples of many berry species. The fruits of Vaccinium are a popular food for native people, who sell and eat dark-fruited V. axilare Nakai, and V. uliginosum L. in July-August, V. smallii A.Gray, in September-October; red-fruited V. praestans in August-September, the little V. oxycoccos f.microphylla and large-leaf, V. oxycoccos L. subsp. paulustris, cranberry, lingonberry (V. vitis-idaea L.) in October-November. We collected seeds from many populations and forms. We collected 5 species of currants: Ribes latifolium Jancz, R. triste Pall, R. procumbens Pall., R. horridum Rupr., and R. sachalinense Nakai from different regions. R. procumbens is used fresh and for jam. R. procumbens from Sakhalin are more adapted, larger, and more easily cultivated than are continental plants. Rubus chamaemorus L. with unusual, large, dark-crimson berries were obtained. Unusual polyploid forms of Fragaria were found on the islands. The only known Asian octoploid strawberry, F. iturupensis Staudt, was collected from Atsonupuri Volcano, Iturup. The berry is very aromatic. We found diverse Actinidia kolomikta Maxim. and Scizandra chinense (Turcz.) Baill. in southern Sakhalin. Plants from the islands break bud and bloom later than do continental ones. These expeditions were conducted under a bilateral agreement between the germplasm systems of the Russia Federation and United States. Plants materials are preserved in both countries.

Last Modified: 11/23/2014
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