Submitted to: Book Chapter
Publication Type: Book / Chapter
Publication Acceptance Date: April 16, 2006
Publication Date: March 1, 2007
Citation: Kenar, J.A., Knothe, G.H., Gunstone, F.D. 2007. Chemical properties. In: Gunstone, F.D., Hardwood, J.L., Dijksta, A.J., editors. Lipid Handbook with CD-ROM, 3rd edition, Boca Raton, FL: Taylor & Francis Group LLC. p. 535-590. Technical Abstract: The last edition of the “The Lipid Handbook” a well known and often cited reference source concerning the occurrence, characteristics, and chemistry of oils and fats, was published in 1994. Since then, new developments in many aspects of lipid technology have occurred, specifically relating to various types of chemical reactions that lipids can undergo. This chapter significantly revises and extends the information on the chemical reactions of lipids presented previously. These reactions are concerned mainly with olefinic centers in unsaturated acids or with the carboxyl group. This chapter covers subjects in lipid chemistry pertaining to: autoxidation, enzymic oxidation, epoxidation, hydroxylation, halogenation, oxymercuration, metathesis, stereomutation, double bond migration, cyclization, dimerization, esterification, hydrolysis, interesterification, acid chlorides, Guerbet compounds, oleochemical carbonates, peroxy acids, nitrogen-containing compounds, and other reactions of the carboxyl group.