Submitted to: Veterinary Parasitology
Publication Type: Peer Reviewed Journal
Publication Acceptance Date: February 19, 2006
Publication Date: August 1, 2006
Citation: Dubey, J.P., Schares, G. 2006. Diagnosis of bovine neosporosis. Veterinary Parasitology. 140: 1-34
Interpretive Summary: Neospora caninum is a single-celled parasite. It causes abortion in cattle and paralysis in companion animals. It is the most important cause of abortion in dairy cattle. Dogs and coyotes are its definitive hosts and main reservoirs of infection. This parasite is transmitted efficiently from the cow to the calf transplacentally.
Scientists at the Beltsville Agricultural Research Center and Institute of Epidemiology, Berlin, Germany review diagnosis of neospora abortion in cattle.The results will be of interest to biologists, parasitologists, and veterinarians.
The protozoan parasite Neospora caninum is a major cause of abortion in cattle. The diagnosis of neosporosis-associated mortality and abortion in cattle is difficult. In the present papers we review histologic, serologic, immunohistochemical, and molecular methods for dignosis of bovine neosporosis. Methods to isolate viable N. caninum from bovine tissues are also reviewed.