|Buschiazzo, Daniel - INTA, ARGENTINA|
Submitted to: International Conference on Aeolian Research
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: May 5, 2006
Publication Date: July 28, 2006
Citation: Buschiazzo, D.E., Zobeck, T.M. 2006. Wind Erosion Prediction using WEQ, RWEQ and WEPS in an TNTIC Haplustoll of the Argentinean Pampas [abstract]. International Conference on Aeolian Research, July 24-28, 2006, Guelph, Ontario, Canada. p. 191. Technical Abstract: Wind erosion is an important soil degradation process in the semiarid Pampa of Argentina, but no attempts have been made to predict the process in this region. One limitation for the use of wind erosion prediction models is the lack of reliable climatic data. As an effort to apply wind erosion models, we compared field wind erosion measurements carried out during 4 years in a bare soil reference plot (RP) and during 3 years in the same soil with different tillage conditions: conventional- (CT) and no-till (NT), with wind erosion predicted with: 1) subroutines for single storm event versions of the Wind Erosion Prediction System (WEPS) and the Revised Wind Erosion Equation (RWEQ), for which the climatic data of each single storm were used, and 2) the Wind Erosion Equation (WEQ) for full rotation periods, for which long term climatic records (1961-2004) were used. Wind erosion field measurements were carried out with BSNE samplers in 1 ha plots. Neither WEPS nor RWEQ predicted low amounts of soil erosion that occurred in CT and NT (3.86 kg/m in average) for storms lasting approximately 24 h. High plant or residue soil coverage as well as high oriented surface roughness eliminated erosion according to WEPS and RWEQ. Regression of WEPS (y = 0.5192 x + 0.0589, R2 = 0.89) and RWEQ (y = 0.5691 x – 7.071, R2 = 0.90) predictions with field data obtained in RP (54.51 kg/m on average) were highly significant, but both models underestimated wind erosion by 40 to 45%. Predictions made with RWEQ were highly sensitive to variations in the soil crusting factor (SCF), varying from 60.5 t/m when predictions for a single storm were made using the SCF default data to 699 kg/m when SCF was deduced from visual field observations. WEQ predictions agreed adequately with measured erosion for 16 rotation periods either when using a climatic C factor value of 92, corresponding to the 1961-2004 period (y = 0.9422x – 1.9248, R2 = 0.96) or a C factor value of 80, corresponding to the moister 1985-2004 period (y = 0.7612x - 1.5543, R2 = 0.96). These results indicated that WEQ can be used as a reliable prediction model for long term predictions of wind erosion in the semiarid Pampas, even when run with limited available climatic data for this region.