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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Title: Creation and Characterization of Thlaspi Caerulescens and Thlaspi Arvense Suspension Cell Lines

Authors
item Klein, Melinda - CORNELL UNIVERSITY
item Sekimoto, Hitoshi - UTSUNOMIYA UNIV., JAPAN
item Clark, Randy - CORNELL UNIVERSITY
item Papoyan, Ashot - CORNELL UNIVERSITY
item Milner, Matthew - CORNELL UNIVERSITY
item Kochian, Leon

Submitted to: American Society of Plant Biologists Annual Meeting
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: February 1, 2006
Publication Date: July 1, 2006
Citation: Klein, M., Sekimoto, H., Clark, R., Papoyan, A., Milner, M., Kochian, L.V. 2006. Creation and characterization of thlaspi caerulescens and thlaspi arvense suspension cell lines [abstract]. American Society of Plant Biologists Annual Meeting. p.104.

Technical Abstract: Thlaspi caerulescens is a zinc and cadmium hyperaccumulator, capable of storing up to 30,000 ppm Zn or 10,000 ppm Cd in the shoots without exhibiting toxicity symptoms. Previous research demonstrates the heavy metal hyperaccumulation seen in T. caerulescens is due to altered regulation of uptake, transport and sequestration processes relative to non-accumulating plant species. However a number of questions regarding the fundamental mechanisms of plant mineral transport remain. For example, is metal hyperaccumulation a cellular trait, or does it require primarily the functioning of more complex tissues and organs? By characterizing the physiological and molecular differences between these species at the cellular level, we can better understand the mechanisms underlying the hyperaccumulation phenotype. To that end, we have created suspension cell lines from the zinc/cadmium hyperaccumulator T. caerulescens and a related non-hyperaccumulator T. arvense. We are examining the cellular characteristics, both at the molecular and physiological levels, associated with Zn and Cd transport, accumulation and tolerance in these two cell lines, as well as in Arabidopsis thaliana suspension cells. In this presentation, we will describe the procedures for development of T. caerulescens and T. arvense suspension cell lines, as well as the physiological and molecular characterization of these suspension cell lines.

Last Modified: 8/1/2014
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