Submitted to: Zootaxa
Publication Type: Peer Reviewed Journal
Publication Acceptance Date: January 31, 2006
Publication Date: March 6, 2006
Citation: Norrbom, A.L., Prado, P.I. 2006. New genera and host plant records of Asteraceae-feeding Tephritidae (Diptera) from Brazil. Zootaxa. 1139:1-17.
Interpretive Summary: Fruit flies include some of the most important pests of fruits and vegetables, annually causing billions of dollars in losses worldwide. Other species are useful as biological control agents for weeds such as thistles, and various species have been introduced to the mainland U.S., Hawaii, and other countries for this purpose. During the development of a new identification key (to simplify and speed the identification process) for the main groups of fruit flies present in Central and South America, several previously unrecognized groups were discovered. They are here described and illustrated. This information will be useful to APHIS-PPQ and other regulatory agencies responsible for quarantines to prevent the spread of pest fruit flies and for detecting new pest introductions into the U.S.
Three new genera of Tephritinae (Tephritidae), Cipomyia (type species: C. totofusca, n. sp.), Eutretopsis (type species: E. albipunctata, n. sp.), and Lewinsohnia (type species: L. magna, n. sp.) are described from Brazil. The first host plant records are provided for C. totofusca, L. magna, and Caenoriata pertinax (Bates).