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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Title: Modeling Impacts of Crop Rotations, Tillage and N Management on Crop Productivity and Water Quality Using the Rzwqm-Dssat Hybrid Model

Authors
item Anapalli, Saseendran - COLORADO STATE UNIVERSITY
item Ma, Liwang
item Malone, Robert
item Heilman, Philip
item Ahuja, Lajpat
item Kanwar, R - IOWA STATE UNIVERSITY
item Meade, Terry

Submitted to: ASA-CSSA-SSSA Annual Meeting Abstracts
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: May 9, 2005
Publication Date: November 10, 2005
Citation: Anapalli, S.S., Ma, L., Malone, R.W., Heilman, P., Ahuja, L.R., Kanwar, R.S., Meade, T.G. 2005. Modeling impacts of crop rotations, tillage and N management on crop productivity and water quality using the RZWQM-DSSAT hybrid model. ASA-CSSA-SSSA Annual Meeting, Salt Lake City, UT. Nov. 6-10, 2005.

Interpretive Summary: Synthesis and analysis of system level processes and their interactions are critical in ensuring environmental and economic sustainability in agriculture. Agricultural system models help synthesize knowledge from component experiments of the system, and help predict its behavior in response to management. In this study we used the RZWQM and RZWQM-DSSAT hybrid models for modeling the long-term (1978 to 2003) impacts of four tillages, three crop rotations, and eight nutrient management practices on crop production, and soil and tile water quality. These experiments were conducted on 36, 0.4 ha plots on the Clyde-Kenyon-Floyd soil association in northeastern Iowa. Data from 1990 to 2003 from one of the plots (No. 25) with continuous corn (Zea mays L.) from 1978 to 1992 and soybean (Glycine max L. Merr.) - corn rotations from 1993 to 2003, constantly in the no-till system was used for model calibrations. Both RZWQM and RZWQM-DSSAT hybrid models have the same soil water and nutrient simulation modules hence were calibrated only once and used for running both the models. When calibration accuracies of soil water in different soil layers, water table, daily tile flow, NO3-N in tile water, and NO3-N in soil for both models were comparable, grain yield, biomass, and grain and plant N uptakes predictions of RZWQM-DSSAT hybrid model was more accurate. Accuracies of grain yield and biomass predictions of both the models deteriorated slightly in the 35 validation plots. Better measured grain yield due to Late Spring Nitrogen Test (LSNT) over pre-plant N application was not simulated well by both the models. Measured impacts of various tillage, nutrient and crop rotation management practices on grain yield, biomass, tile N, residual soil N, water table, tile flow, and soil water were predicted with reasonable accuracy by both the models with some exceptions.

Technical Abstract: Synthesis and analysis of system level processes and their interactions are critical in ensuring environmental and economic sustainability in agriculture. Agricultural system models help synthesize knowledge from component experiments of the system, and help predict its behavior in response to management. In this study we used the RZWQM and RZWQM-DSSAT hybrid models for modeling the long-term (1978 to 2003) impacts of four tillages, three crop rotations, and eight nutrient management practices on crop production, and soil and tile water quality. These experiments were conducted on 36, 0.4 ha plots on the Clyde-Kenyon-Floyd soil association in northeastern Iowa. Data from 1990 to 2003 from one of the plots (No. 25) with continuous corn (Zea mays L.) from 1978 to 1992 and soybean (Glycine max L. Merr.) - corn rotations from 1993 to 2003, constantly in the no-till system was used for model calibrations. Both RZWQM and RZWQM-DSSAT hybrid models have the same soil water and nutrient simulation modules hence were calibrated only once and used for running both the models. When calibration accuracies of soil water in different soil layers, water table, daily tile flow, NO3-N in tile water, and NO3-N in soil for both models were comparable, grain yield, biomass, and grain and plant N uptakes predictions of RZWQM-DSSAT hybrid model was more accurate. Accuracies of grain yield and biomass predictions of both the models deteriorated slightly in the 35 validation plots. Better measured grain yield due to Late Spring Nitrogen Test (LSNT) over pre-plant N application was not simulated well by both the models. Measured impacts of various tillage, nutrient and crop rotation management practices on grain yield, biomass, tile N, residual soil N, water table, tile flow, and soil water were predicted with reasonable accuracy by both the models with some exceptions.

Last Modified: 4/19/2014
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