Submitted to: Meeting Proceedings
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: February 15, 2006
Publication Date: July 9, 2006
Citation: Liebig, M.A., Hendrickson, J.R., Nichols, K.A. Long-term agroecosystem experiments and sample archives at usda-ars-ngprl. Meeting Proceedings of the World Congress of Soil Science held in Philadelphia, PA on July 9-15, 2006. Technical Abstract: The USDA-ARS Northern Great Plains Research Laboratory (NGPRL) near Mandan, North Dakota, USA (46º 46’ 12” N, 100º 54’ 57” W) was established in 1914, and currently manages three long-term agroecosystem experiments, each related to a different form of grazing management. Two native vegetation pastures, a moderately grazed pasture (MGP) and heavily grazed pasture (HGP), were established in 1916. A third pasture, seeded to crested wheatgrass [Agropyron desertorum (Fisch. ex. Link) Schult.] (CWP), was established in 1932. Management of the pastures has been consistent over time. The pastures were originally established to assess the effects of grazing intensity on vegetation characteristics and animal performance. However, the age of the pastures and the consistency of the applied treatments over time make them an ideal setting to evaluate grazing management effects on soil. As a supplement to the three long-term agroecosystem experiments, NGPRL possesses extensive soil sample archives dating back to 1918. Sample archives were originally established in the 1940s when a branch of the original USDA Soil Survey Program was housed at NGPRL. Archived samples are largely from the Great Plains and Intermountain West regions of the USA, and represent land uses from both pre- and post-cultivation time periods. Given increased emphasis on global change research, the sample archives at NGPRL represent an important resource for scientists investigating temporal changes in soil properties.